Misato Hamachi

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The ATF1 gene, which encodes alcohol acetyltransferase (AATase), was cloned from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and brewery lager yeast (Saccharomyces uvarum). The nucleotide sequence of the ATF1 gene isolated from S. cerevisiae was determined. The structural gene consists of a 1,575-bp open reading frame that encodes 525 amino acids with a calculated molecular(More)
The ATF2 gene, which encodes alcohol acetyltransferase II (AATase II), was cloned from Saccharomyces cerevisiae Kyokai No. 7 (sake yeast). The ATF2 gene coded for a protein of 535 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 61,909 daltons. The deduced amino acid sequences of the ATF2 showed 36.9% similarity with that of ATF1, which encodes(More)
The nucleotide sequences of alcohol acetyltransferase genes isolated from lager brewing yeast, Saccharomyces carlsbergensis have been determined. S. carlsbergensis has one ATF1 gene and another homologous gene, the Lg-ATF1 gene. There was a high degree of homology between the amino acid sequences deduced for the ATF1 protein and the Lg-ATF1 protein (75.7%),(More)
We used a plasmid carrying a sequence for autonomous maintenance in Aspergillus (AMA1) and the E. coli uidA gene as a reporter gene to search the A. oryzae and A. niger genomes for DNA fragments having strong promoter activity. Beta-glucuronidase (GUS)-producing A. oryzae transformants containing the No. 8AN derived from A. niger, or the No. 9AO derived(More)
Alcohol acetyltransferase (AATase) catalyzes the esterification of isoamyl alcohol by acetyl coenzyme A. The enzyme was solubilized from the microsomal fraction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Kyokai No. 7, using Triton X-100 and then purified by a series of chromatographic separations: Poly Buffer Exchanger 94 (PBE94), DEAE Toyopearl, Toyopearl HW60,(More)
Apoptotic cells are observed in the early developing brain. Apoptosis deficiency is proposed to cause brain overgrowth, but here we show that brain malformations in apoptosis-deficient mutants are due to insufficient brain ventricle expansion as a result of uncompleted cranial neural tube closure. Apoptosis eliminates Fgf8-expressing cells in the anterior(More)
A microorganism producing a lytic enzyme preparation that could rapidly lyse bacterial cells such as hiochi bacteria and other lactic acid bacteria was screened. The microorganism was identified as Streptomyces fulvissimus. The enzyme produced by this organism lysed boil-denatured cells quicker than intact cells of hiochi bacteria. A mutant strain of S.(More)
A new rapid transformation system for Aspergillus niger that uses electroporation to render intact germinating conidia permeable to DNA is described. The transformant colonies appeared earlier than transformants obtained by the protoplast-forming method. Without pretreatment of the conidia the transformation frequencies were 1.2 colonies per micrograms of(More)
An autonomously replicating plasmid is expected to increase the frequency of Aspergillus transformation. To construct this type of plasmid, we developed a rapid method of re-isolating autonomously replicating plasmids from Aspergillus transformants. Transformants grown in MM medium under selective pressure for 1-2 days were converted to protoplasts with a(More)
A bacterial outer membrane protein of 35-kDa Mr has been reported to react with several anti-HLA-B27 mAb. Here, we demonstrated that this protein showed the heat-modifiability of the OmpA protein during SDS-PAGE. Further, the protein was not detected in mutants of Escherichia coli in which the expression of the OmpA protein has been suppressed. The protein(More)