Misao Arimoto

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Spherical virus particles were purified from larval striped jack (Pseudocaranx dentex) with nervous necrosis. The virus consists of nonenveloped particles, about 25 nm in diameter, and contains two single-stranded, positive-sense RNA molecules with molecular weights of 1.01 x 10(6)Da (RNA 1) and 0.49 x 10(6)Da (RNA 2), respectively. The RNAs do not have(More)
A system has been established to produce infectious RNA transcripts for Striped jack nervous necrosis virus (SJNNV), the type species of the betanodaviruses, which infect fish. An enzymological analysis suggested that both RNA1 and RNA2 of SJNNV have a 5' cap. Both RNAs were largely resistant to 3' polyadenylation and ligation, suggesting the presence of an(More)
Betanodaviruses, the causal agents of viral nervous necrosis in marine fish, have bipartite positive-sense RNAs as genomes. The larger genomic segment, RNA1 (3.1 kb), encodes an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, and the smaller genomic segment, RNA2 (1.4 kb), codes for the coat protein. Betanodaviruses have marked host specificity, although the primary(More)
Betanodaviruses, the causative agents of viral nervous necrosis or viral encephalopathy and retinopathy, are divided into 4 genotypes based on the coat protein gene (RNA2). In the present study, serological relationships among betanodavirus genotypic variants were examined by virus neutralization tests using rabbit antisera raised against purified virions(More)
The Co-Q systems of 11 strains representing the generaSchwanniomyces, Lodderomyces, Lipomyces, Nematospora andMetschnikowia were determined. All the genera were characterized by the Q-9 system except for the genusNematospora with needle-shaped ascospores. The only species,Nem. coryli, was found to have the Q-6 system. These results are discussed from the(More)
Six cell clones were derived from the SSN-1 cell line, which is composed of a mixed cell population and persistently infected with a C-type retrovirus (SnRV). These clones were susceptible to 4 piscine nodavirus strains belonging to different genotypes (SJNNV, RGNNV, TPNNV and *BFNNV [striped jack, redspotted grouper, tiger puffer and barfin flounder(More)
Striped jack nervous necrosis virus (SJNNV), which infects fish, is the type species of the genus Betanodavirus. This virus has a bipartite genome of positive-strand RNAs, designated RNAs 1 and 2. A small RNA (ca. 0.4 kb) has been detected from SJNNV-infected cells, which was newly synthesized and corresponded to the 3'-terminal region of RNA1. Rapid(More)
Seventeen isolates of piscine nodavirus from larvae or juveniles of 13 marine fish species affected with viral nervous necrosis (VNN) were examined for their infectivity to a fish cell line SSN-1. Based on cytopathic effects (CPE) and virus antigen detection by fluorescent antibody technique (FAT) after incubation at 25 degrees C, the infectivity of these(More)
The resistance of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus Temminck et Schlegel) against a viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) challenge induced by a preceding non-lethal aquabirnavirus (ABV) challenge was investigated through experimental dual-infections with different intervals between the two challenges. The non-specific protection conferred by(More)
Infection by viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) has recently occurred among wild and farmed Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus in Japan. In the present study, horizontal transmission of VHSV among Japanese flounder was experimentally demonstrated by immersion challenge. Exposure to a flounder isolate (Obama25) of VHSV revealed a dose-response,(More)