Misako Nagasaka

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Hanahan and Weinberg described six distinct biological properties of cancer cells that enable tumor growth and metastasis. These properties were referred to as the traditional hallmarks of cancer. Recent discoveries further elucidated hallmarks including evasion of immune destruction by tumor cells that disrupt anticancer response pathways. This review(More)
BACKGROUND Immunotherapy targeting the checkpoint PD1 (programmed cell death protein 1) or PDL1 (programmed death ligand 1) has led to advances in the treatment of melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The use of such therapies has also been introduced into the treatment of other malignancies, including head and neck cancer. The combined effects(More)
With the rapid development of precision medicine, next-generation sequencing (NGS) has provided the ability to uncode tumors at the DNA level. Identifying EGFR mutations and other molecular changes has become more crucial in the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) than ever before. Although the histologic subtypes in patients with advanced(More)
OBJECTIVE Definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is considered the standard of care for organ preservation and is the only potentially curative therapy for surgically unresectable patients with stage III to IVb locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. In patients with high risks for adverse events utilizing cisplatin,(More)
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