Misako Himeno

Learn More
Magnaporthe oryzae B. Couch (formerly Magnaporthe grisea (Hebert) Barr) [3] is the causal agent of the devastating rice blast disease [6]. This filamentous fungus is being studied intensively as a principal model organism for understanding plantfungus interactions. Virus-like particles (VLPs) were previously detected in two M. oryzae strains (TH 65-105 and(More)
Plants possess a multilayered defense response, known as plant innate immunity, to infection by a wide variety of pathogens. Lectins, sugar binding proteins, play essential roles in the innate immunity of animal cells, but the role of lectins in plant defense is not clear. This study analyzed the resistance of certain Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes to a(More)
For a molecular epidemiological study based on complete genome sequences, 37 Plum pox virus (PPV) isolates were collected from the Kanto region in Japan. Pair-wise analyses revealed that all 37 Japanese isolates belong to the PPV-D strain, with low genetic diversity (less than 0.8%). In phylogenetic analysis of the PPV-D strain based on complete nucleotide(More)
The role of RNA silencing as an antiviral defence has been well elucidated in plants and invertebrates, but not in filamentous fungi. We have previously determined the complete genome sequence of Magnaporthe oryzae virus 2 (MoV2), a dsRNA virus that infects the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. In this study, we detected small interfering RNAs (siRNAs)(More)
Resistant plants respond rapidly to invading avirulent plant viruses by triggering a hypersensitive response (HR). An HR is accompanied by a restraint of virus multiplication and programmed cell death (PCD), both of which have been observed in systemic necrosis triggered by a successful viral infection. Here, we analyzed signaling pathways underlying the HR(More)
Phytoplasmas are plant pathogenic bacteria that infect more than 700 plant species. Because phytoplasma-resistant cultivars are not available for the vast majority of crops, the most common practice to prevent phytoplasma diseases is to remove infected plants. Therefore, developing a rapid, accurate diagnostic method to detect a phytoplasma infection is(More)
Potexvirus cell-to-cell movement requires coat protein (CP) and movement proteins. In this study, mutations in two conserved in-frame AUG codons in the 5' region of the CP open reading frame of Plantago asiatica mosaic virus (PlAMV) were introduced, and virus accumulation of these mutants was analyzed in inoculated and upper noninoculated leaves. When CP(More)
Phytoplasmas are bacterial plant pathogens that have devastating effects on the yields of crops and plants worldwide. They are intracellular parasites of both plants and insects, and are spread among plants by insects. How phytoplasmas can adapt to two diverse environments is of considerable interest; however, the mechanisms enabling the "host switching"(More)
Plant pathogens alter the course of plant developmental processes, resulting in abnormal morphology in infected host plants. Phytoplasmas are unique plant-pathogenic bacteria that transform plant floral organs into leaf-like structures and cause the emergence of secondary flowers. These distinctive symptoms have attracted considerable interest for many(More)
Sharka disease, caused by plum pox virus (PPV), is the most serious viral disease of stone fruit trees. Among the eight known strains of the virus, PPV-D is the most important due to its recent global spread. Although enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is the most common approach for diagnosing sharka, it involves time-consuming steps and requires(More)