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A search for the relic neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernovae was conducted using 1496 days of data from the Super-Kamiokande detector. This analysis looked for electron-type anti-neutrinos that had produced a positron with an energy greater than 18 MeV. In the absence of a signal, 90% C.L. upper limits on the total flux were set for several(More)
Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (UC-MSCs) that are available from cell banks can be induced to differentiate into various cell types, thereby making them practical potential sources for cell-based therapies. In injured peripheral nerves, Schwann cells (SCs) contribute to functional recovery by supporting axonal regeneration and myelin(More)
  • Y Fukuda, T Hayakawa, E Ichihara, K Inoue, K Ishihara, H Ishino +115 others
  • 1998
We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
Based on their differentiation ability, bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are a good source for cell therapy. Using a cynomolgus monkey peripheral nervous system injury model, we examined the safety and efficacy of Schwann cells induced from MSCs as a source for auto-cell transplantation therapy in nerve injury. Serial treatment of monkey MSCs with reducing(More)
Super-Kamiokande is the world's largest water Cherenkov detector, with net mass 50,000 tons. Earth's atmosphere, and the K2K long-baseline neutrino beam with high efficiency. These data provided crucial information for our current understanding of neutrino oscillations, as well as setting stringent limits on nucleon decay. In this paper, we describe the(More)
Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis is a safe and effective treatment for moyamoya disease, although recent evidence suggests its substantial risk for symptomatic cerebral hyperperfusion. The diagnostic value of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for postoperative hyperperfusion in moyamoya patients is(More)
The purpose of the study was to assess the signal intensities of arachnoid granulations within the dural sinuses using the FLAIR sequence for differentiation of space-occupying lesions in and adjacent to the dural sinuses. We retrospectively reviewed MR images of the brain of 1118 consecutive subjects, ranging in age from 0 to 93 years (mean 57.2 years).(More)
A 47-year-old woman presented with an extremely rare case of trochlear nerve neurinoma manifesting as left hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a cystic tumor, 4 cm in diameter, in the right ambient and cerebellopontine cisterns, compressing the midbrain and upper pons. The preoperative diagnosis was trigeminal neurinoma. However, the tumor(More)