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Arabidopsis thaliana was transformed with a gene encoding a nitroreductase (NTR, E.C. with activity against a wide range of nitroaromatic compounds. The gene was transferred from Escherichia coli by an Agrobacterium-mediated in planta method. The obtained seeds were sowed to produce T1 plants, and they were assayed for the integration of the(More)
Atmospheric nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) is an environmental oxidant that is removed through direct uptake by foliage, but plant responses to this highly reactive gas are not well understood at the molecular level. From NO(2)-exposed leaves of a woody azalea (Rhododendron mucronatum), we cloned two cDNAs (RmGLP1 and RmGLP2) for germin-like proteins (GLPs), a(More)
• To gain more insight into the physiological function of nitrogen dioxide (NO₂), we investigated the effects of exogenous NO₂ on growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. • Plants were grown in air without NO₂ for 1 wk after sowing and then grown for 1-4 wk in air with (designated treated plants) or without (control plants) NO₂. Plants were irrigated semiweekly with(More)
Protein tyrosine nitration is a selective process, as revealed in studies of animals. However, evidence for selective protein nitration in plants is scarce. In this study, Arabidopsis plants were exposed to air with or without nitrogen dioxide at 40 ppm for 8 h in light. Proteins extracted from whole leaves or isolated chloroplasts were subjected to 2D PAGE(More)
The importance of nitric oxide (NO) as a signaling molecule to various plant physiological and pathophysiological processes is becoming increasingly evident. However, little is known about how plants protect themselves from nitrosative and oxidative damage mediated by NO and NO-derived reactive nitrogen species (RNS). Peroxynitrite, the product of the(More)
All plants examined to date possess non-symbiotic hemoglobin whose physiological role remains unclear. The present study explored the catalytic function of three representative classes of the plant hemoglobin from Arabidopsis thaliana: AtGLB1, AtGLB2, and AtGLB3. Purified recombinant proteins of these hemoglobins displayed hydrogen peroxide-dependent(More)
Tobacco expresses four isomers of assimilatory nitrite reductase (aNiR), leaf-type (Nii1 and Nii3), and root-type (Nii2 and Nii4). The high-resolution crystal structures of Nii3 and Nii4, determined at 1.25 and 2.3 Å resolutions, respectively, revealed that both proteins had very similar structures. The Nii3 structure provided detailed geometries for the(More)
In this review, we will describe our study on "nitrogen-philic plants", which can grow with nitrogen dioxide (NO2) as the sole nitrogen source, by screening of naturally occurring plants for the assimilation of nitrogen dioxide and genetic manipulation of plants for those genes involved in the primary nitrate metabolism. Finally, we will briefly describe(More)
In order to investigate nocturnal uptake and assimilation of NO2 by C3 and crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plants, they were fumigated with 4 microl l(-1) 15N-labeled nitrogen dioxide (NO2) for 8 h. The amount of NO2 and assimilation of NO2 by plants were determined by mass spectrometry and Kjeldahl-nitrogen based mass spectrometry, respectively. C3(More)