Miroslava Schaffer

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Chloroplast function is orchestrated by the organelle's intricate architecture. By combining cryo-focused ion beam milling of vitreous Chlamydomonas cells with cryo-electron tomography, we acquired three-dimensional structures of the chloroplast in its native state within the cell. Chloroplast envelope inner membrane invaginations were frequently found in(More)
The following is a list of generalizations that arise from considering the present state of knowledge concerning the functions of invertebrate peptides. Some of these clearly also apply to vertebrates. Invertebrate peptides can be classified into structurally related groups. Structural similarity of peptides may represent true evolutionary homology by(More)
The molecular organization of eukaryotic nuclear volumes remains largely unexplored. Here we combined recent developments in cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) to produce three-dimensional snapshots of the HeLa cell nuclear periphery. Subtomogram averaging and classification of ribosomes revealed the native structure and organization of the cytoplasmic(More)
In eukaryotic cells, one-third of all proteins must be transported across or inserted into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane by the ER protein translocon. The translocon-associated protein (TRAP) complex is an integral component of the translocon, assisting the Sec61 protein-conducting channel by regulating signal sequence and transmembrane helix(More)
Most halophilic Archaea of the class Halobacteriaceae depend on the presence of several molar sodium chloride for growth and cell integrity. This poses problems for structural studies, particularly for electron microscopy, where the high salt concentration results in diminished contrast. Since cryo-electron microscopy of intact cells provides new insights(More)
The neuropeptide proctolin acts as a neuromuscular co-transmitter in insect skeletal muscle. As a prelude to determining whether other peptides may function in a similar way, we are attempting to isolate and characterize the chemical nature of new myoactive neuropeptides in insects. We examined the corpus cardiacum, a major insect neurosecretory structure(More)
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