Miroslava Hornychová

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Effect-air concentration regressions of 48 common solvents (aromatic, aliphatic, and chlorinated hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones, acetates) were determined for 4-hr inhalation exposures in male rats and for 2-hr exposures in female mice. Inhibition of propagation and maintenance of the electrically evoked seizure discharge was used as a criterion of the(More)
The use of a standard two-tier neurotoxicity screening procedure in the context of risk assessment is exemplified. Testing of a new pyrethroid in rats addressed the following sequence of questions: Does the substance evoke neurotoxic symptoms in sublethal doses? Do these symptoms reflect a primary neurotropic action? What are the dynamic characteristics of(More)
The IPCS Collaborative Study on Neurobehavioral Screening Methods was undertaken to determine the intra- and inter-laboratory reliability of a functional observational battery (FOB) and an automated assessment of motor activity in eight laboratories world-wide. Following the training phase and the conduct of proficiency studies in all laboratories,(More)
The goal of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) Collaborative Study on Neurobehavioral Screening Methods was to determine the intra- and inter-laboratory reliability of a functional observational battery (FOB) and an automated assessment of motor activity in eight laboratories worldwide. The control data were crucial to the outcome of the(More)
The goal of the IPCS Collaborative Study on Neurobehavioral Screening Methods was to determine the intra- and inter-laboratory reliability of a functional observational battery (FOB) and an automated assessment of motor activity in eight laboratories world-wide. The first phase of the Collaborative Study involved training the participants: evidence of(More)
The aim of this study was to detect the effect of a magnetic field on manganese transport into rat brains. An experimental group of Female Wistar rats was given 0.48 mg Mn2+ per kg body weight intratracheally twice a week for 3 months and simultaneously exposed to a magnetic field: B = 10 mT, f = 50 Hz for 1 hr. Rats in one control group of rats received(More)
Chromosome analysis was conducted for peripheral lymphocytes of 23 printers exposed to toluene concentrations of 590 mg/m3 in a rotary machine workshop and to rotogravure printing inks. The percentages of aberrant cells were 2.30 in the printers and 1.46 in the control group (n = 22) (p < .05). The concentration of hippuric acid in printers was(More)
Solvent blood concentrations and subnarcotic effects (inhibition of electrically evoked seizures) were measured in rats exposed to constant or fluctuating air concentrations of toluene or acetone. A 4 hour exposure of resting rats to toluene at an air concentration of 1 and 2 mg/l, or to acetone at 4 and 10 mg/l, led to blood levels of 6.7 and 12.8 mg/l of(More)
Oxidative phenotype P-450 2D6 was examined using sparteine test in 3 groups of persons to determine if there is a coincidence in the defect of the oxidative biotransformation of sparteine and impaired oxidation of toluene, which could explain interindividual differences in the amounts of hippuric acid in the urine in exposed persons. The following groups of(More)
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