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The structure at 100K of integral membrane light-harvesting complex II (LH2) from Rhodopseudomonas acidophila strain 10050 has been refined to 2.0A resolution. The electron density has been significantly improved, compared to the 2.5A resolution map, by high resolution data, cryo-cooling and translation, libration, screw (TLS) refinement. The electron(More)
A novel low-light (LL) adapted light-harvesting complex II has been isolated from Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Previous work has identified a LL B800-850 complex with a heterogeneous peptide composition and reduced absorption at 850 nm. The work presented here shows the 850 nm absorption to be contamination from a high-light B800-850 complex and that the(More)
Since its first isolation, bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) has been an enigma: although it is abundant in the whey fraction of milk, its function is still not clear. The results of the many physicochemical studies on the protein need a structural interpretation. We report here the structure of the orthorhombic crystal form of cow BLG at pH 7.6, at a(More)
The separation of light-harvesting peptides by RP-HPLC is notoriously difficult due to the typically strong interaction of peptides with the column matrix, their relatively low solubility in the mobile phase and the tendency for non-specific aggregation during sample preparation. This paper illustrates a reproducible method for investigating the composition(More)
Phytochromes are photoreceptors in phototropic organisms that respond to light conditions by changing interactions between a response regulator and DNA. Bacterial phytochromes (BphPs) comprise an input photosensory core domain (PCD) and an output transducing domain (OTD). We report the structure of a BphP containing both PCD and the majority of its OTD, and(More)
 Ceruloplasmin is a multi-copper oxidase, which contains most of the copper present in the plasma. It is an acute-phase reactant that exhibits a two- to three-fold increase over the normal concentration of 300 μg/ml in adult plasma. However, the precise physiological role(s) of ceruloplasmin has been the subject of intensive debate and it is likely that the(More)
Reaction center-light harvesting 1 (RC-LH1) complexes are the fundamental units of bacterial photosynthesis, which use solar energy to power the reduction of quinone to quinol prior to the formation of the proton gradient that drives ATP synthesis. The dimeric RC-LH1-PufX complex of Rhodobacter sphaeroides is composed of 64 polypeptides and 128 cofactors,(More)
The cubic phase or in meso crystallization method is responsible for almost 40 solved integral membrane protein structures. Most of these are small and compact proteins. A model for how crystals form by the in meso method has been proposed that invokes a transition between mesophases. In light of this model, we speculated that a more hydrated and open(More)
The non-sulphur purple bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris contains five pucAB genes for peripheral light-harvesting complexes. Bacteria grown under high-light conditions absorb at 800 and 850 nm but in low-light the 850 nm peak is almost absent and LH2 complexes are replaced by LH4. The genome contains six bacteriophytochromes (Bph). Bphs sense light in(More)