Miroslav Mako

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Concentrations of insulin, proinsulin, and C-peptide were measured in portal and peripheral venous blood in six nondiabetic, nonobese subjects. Portal vein samples were obtained by umbilical vein catheterization. Three subjects were studied with intravenous infusion of 25 g glucose, and three with 30 g arginine. Insulin and proinsulin were determined in the(More)
The contribution of proinsulin to the total serum immunoreactive insulin (IRI) was measured in 59 patients with maturity onset diabetes (23 being treated with diet alone and 36 with oral sulfonylurea agents) and compared to that in 44 control subjects. The percentage of proinsulin was increased in 11 patients and correlated with plasma glucose, but not with(More)
We have studied a 2-year-old girl with acanthosis nigricans, glucose intolerance, marked hyperinsulinemia, and somatic features characteristic of the leprechaunism syndrome. Circulating plasma insulin levels were increased up to 50-fold and the patient showed a blunted hypoglycemic response to an injection of exogenous insulin (0.2 units/kg), indicating the(More)
Insulin isolated from the pancreas of a diabetic patient with fasting hyperinsulinaemia showed decreased activity in binding to cell membrane insulin receptors and in stimulating cellular 2-deoxyglucose transport and glucose oxidation. Chemical studies suggest that the isolated hormone is a mixture of normal insulin and an abnormal variant which contains a(More)
Familial hyperproinsulinemia is an autosomal dominant defect that is associated with strikingly elevated levels of serum proinsulin-like material. Our studies show that trypsin converts familial hyperproinsulinemia proinsulin to insulin more slowly than it converts a 131I-labeled porcine proinsulin marker. Molar yields of insulin indicated that the material(More)