Miroslav Hájek

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The field of stem cell biology continues to evolve by characterization of further types of stem cells and by exploring their therapeutic potential for experimental and clinical applications. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are one of the most promising candidates simply because of their easiness of both ex vivo expansion in culture dishes and genetic(More)
Core-shell nanoparticles based on fluorescent nanodiamonds coated with a biocompatible N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymer shell were developed for background-free near-infrared imaging of cancer cells. The particles showed excellent colloidal stability in buffers and culture media. After conjugation with a cyclic RGD peptide they selectively(More)
Diphosphates of the antiviral acyclic nucleoside phosphonates (ANPs) were evaluated in telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) for their ability to inhibit the extension of telomeres by human telomerase. Extracts from human leukaemia HL-60 cells were used as a source of the enzyme. Data show that the most effective compound studied was the guanine(More)
DNA methylation inhibitors are being extensively studied as potential anticancer agents. In the present study, we compared the capability of alpha anomer of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (alpha-5-azadCyd) to induce down-regulation of hTERT expression in HL-60 cells with other nucleoside analogs that act as DNA methylation inhibitors: beta-5-azadCyd (decitabine),(More)
We have previously shown that PMEG diphosphate (PMEGpp) and PMEDAP diphosphate (PMEDAPpp) inhibit the enzymatic activity of human telomerase in a cell-free assay. Here, we investigated the ability of PMEG and PMEDAP to induce telomere shortening and telomerase inhibition at both transcriptional and activity level in T-lymphoblastic leukemia cells CCRF-CEM(More)
Tenofovir diphosphate (PMPApp) is a weak inhibitor of DNA polymerases (pol) alpha, delta, and epsilon*, with values for the Ki for PMPApp ((PMPApp)Ki) relative to the Km for dATP ((dATP)Km) of 10.2, 10.2, and 15.2, respectively. Its incorporation into DNA was about 1,000-fold less efficient than that of dATP, with (PMPApp)Km values 350-, 2,155-, and(More)
Apoptosis is one of the presumptive causes of CD4+ T cell depletion during HIV infection and progression to AIDS. However, the precise role of HIV-1 in this process remains unexplained. HIV-1 protease (PR) has been suggested as a possible factor, but a direct link between HIV-1 PR enzymatic activity and apoptosis has not been established. Here, we show that(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy)ethyl] guanine (PMEG) is a guanine acyclic nucleotide analog whose targeted prodrugs are being investigated for chemotherapy of lymphomas. Its antiproliferative effects have been attributed to cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis, however, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The objective of this(More)
Targeted biocompatible nanostructures with controlled plasmonic and morphological parameters are promising materials for cancer treatment based on selective thermal ablation of cells. Here, core-shell plasmonic nanodiamonds consisting of a silica-encapsulated diamond nanocrystal coated in a gold shell are designed and synthesized. The architecture of(More)
Helquat dyes are the first helicene-like cationic styryl dyes obtained as separate enantiomers. Their remarkable chiroptical properties are due to the unique combination of a cationic hemicyanine chromophore and a helicene-like motif. The magnitude of the ECD response and the pH switching along with their positioning in the visible region are unprecedented(More)