Learn More
The phenomenon of ischemic tolerance perfectly describes this quote "What does not kill you makes you stronger." Ischemic pre- or postconditioning is actually the strongest known procedure to prevent or reverse neurodegeneration. It works specifically in sensitive vulnerable neuronal populations, which are represented by pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal(More)
The maintenance of brain extracellular glutamate (Glu) at levels below its excitotoxic threshold is performed by Glu transporters present on glia and neurons as well as on brain capillary endothelial cells which remove brain Glu into blood. The feasibility of accelerating the naturally occurring brain-to-blood Glu efflux was studied using paradigms based on(More)
1. The aim of this study was to validate the role of postconditioning, used 2 days after lethal ischemia, for protection of selectively vulnerable brain neurons against delayed neuronal death. 2. Eight, 10, or 15 min of transient forebrain ischemia in rat (four-vessel occlusion model) was used as initial lethal ischemia. Fluoro Jade B, the marker of(More)
Overactivation of subtype P2X7 receptors can induce excitotoxic neuronal death by calcium (Ca(2+)) overload. In this study, we characterize the functional properties of P2X7 receptors using electrophysiology and Ca(2+) monitoring in primary cortical neuron cultures and in brain slices. Both electrical responses and Ca(2+) influx induced by ATP and(More)
Glutamate uptake is reduced during ischemia because of perturbations of ionic gradients across neuronal and glial membranes. Using immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses, the authors examined the expression of the glutamate transporters EAAC1, GLAST, and GLT-1 in the rat hippocampus and cerebral cortex 8 hours and 1 to 28 days after transient(More)
1. The aim of this work was to study potential mechanisms participating in postischemic protection of selectively vulnerable CA1 neurons in the hippocampus. Experiments were focused on measuring changes in endogenous antioxidant enzyme activity. 2. Forebrain cerebral ischemia was induced in a rat by four-vessel occlusion. Ten minutes of ischemia induces(More)
We examined by immunohistochemistry the expression of ionotropic glutamate receptor subunits (GluRs) in glial cells of the rat dorsal hippocampus 3 to 28 days after transient forebrain ischemia. In general, the expression of GluRs at all time points studied underwent a drastic reduction that was primarily restricted to the CA1 region. In addition to the(More)
Brain ischemia induces neuronal loss which is caused in part by excitotoxicity and free radical formation. Here, we report that mangiferin and morin, two antioxidant polyphenols, are neuroprotective in both in vitro and in vivo models of ischemia. Cell death caused by glutamate in neuronal cultures was decreased in the presence of submicromolar(More)
The role of P2X7 receptors and pannexin-1 channels in ischemic damage remains controversial. Here, we analyzed their contribution to postanoxic depolarization after ischemia in cultured neurons and in brain slices. We observed that pharmacological blockade of P2X7 receptors or pannexin-1 channels delayed the onset of postanoxic currents and reduced their(More)
Transient focal cerebral ischemia leads to extensive excitotoxic glial damage in the subcortical white matter. Efficient reuptake of released glutamate is essential for preventing glutamate receptor overstimulation and neuronal and glial death. The present study evaluates the expression of the main glutamate transporters (EAAT1, EAAT2, and EAAT3) in(More)