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The ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus L.) is one of the most popular small game species both numerically and economically. Pheasant populations are commonly managed in the Czech Republic in order to maximize their harvest. Game managers need to be aware of the possible effects of different management tools on wild pheasant populations. We used data(More)
Incubation is an energetically demanding process during which birds apply heat to their eggs to ensure embryonic development. Parent behaviours such as egg turning and exchanging the outer and central eggs in the nest cup affect the amount of heat lost to the environment from individual eggs. Little is known, however, about whether and how egg surface(More)
Urban environment is only rarely considered an exclusive refuge for rapidly declining bird species. Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) is a species in Central Europe whose synanthropization began in the second half of the twentieth century due to dramatic changes in agriculture and landscape structure. We analyze how changes in these distribution patterns(More)
Social partners of some bird species copulate during the incubation period; explanations for this include strengthening social bonds and/or reducing the risk of extra-pair paternity in consecutive clutches within the same season. According to current opinion, Northern Lapwings Vanellus vanellus exhibit this behavior, uncommon in shorebirds, in order to(More)
The behavioural rhythms of organisms are thought to be under strong selection, influenced by the rhythmicity of the environment. Such behavioural rhythms are well studied in isolated individuals under laboratory conditions, but free-living individuals have to temporally synchronize their activities with those of others, including potential mates,(More)
Sexual selection has been hypothesised as favouring mate choice resulting in production of viable offspring with genotypes providing high pathogen resistance. Specific pathogen recognition is mediated by genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encoding proteins fundamental for adaptive immune response in jawed vertebrates. MHC genes may also(More)
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