Miroslav Dundr

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We have analyzed the kinetics of assembly and elongation of the mammalian RNA polymerase I complex on endogenous ribosomal genes in the nuclei of living cells with the use of in vivo microscopy. We show that components of the RNA polymerase I machinery are brought to ribosomal genes as distinct subunits and that assembly occurs via metastable intermediates.(More)
Mammalian cell nucleoli disassemble at the onset of M-phase and reassemble during telophase. Recent studies showed that partially processed preribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) is preserved in association with processing components in the perichromosomal regions (PRs) and in particles called nucleolus-derived foci (NDF) during mitosis. Here, the dynamics of(More)
The cell nucleolus is the subnuclear body in which ribosomal subunits are assembled, and it is also the location of several processes not related to ribosome biogenesis. Recent studies have revealed that nucleolar components move about in a variety of ways. One class of movement is associated with ribosome assembly, which is a vectorial process originating(More)
The function of the nucleolus as a factory for assembling ribosomal subunits is well established, but many unrelated activities have been discovered over the past decade. Our understanding of the dynamics of nucleolar structure and its reassembly at the end of mitosis has recently advanced and the small nucleolar RNAs have been shown to be major players in(More)
Although bulk chromatin is thought to have limited mobility within the interphase eukaryotic nucleus, directed long-distance chromosome movements are not unknown. Cajal bodies (CBs) are nuclear suborganelles that nonrandomly associate with small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and histone gene loci in human cells during interphase. However, the mechanism responsible(More)
The biogenesis of the many functional compartments contained in the mammalian cell nucleus is poorly understood. More specifically, little is known regarding the initial nucleation step required for nuclear body formation. Here we show that RNA can function as a structural element and a nucleator of nuclear bodies. We find that several types of coding and(More)
Previous studies showed that components implicated in pre-rRNA processing, including U3 small nucleolar (sno)RNA, fibrillarin, nucleolin, and proteins B23 and p52, accumulate in perichromosomal regions and in numerous mitotic cytoplasmic particles, termed nucleolus-derived foci (NDF) between early anaphase and late telophase. The latter structures were(More)
It has become increasingly apparent that gene expression is regulated by the functional interplay between spatial genome organization and nuclear architecture. Within the nuclear environment a variety of distinct nuclear bodies exist. They are dynamic, self-organizing structures that do not assemble as pre-formed entities but rather emerge as a direct(More)
Trafficking of RNA molecules and proteins within the cell nucleus is central to genome function. Recent work has revealed the nature of RNA and protein motion within the nucleus and across the nuclear membrane. These studies have given insight into how molecules find their destinations within the nucleus and have uncovered some of the structural properties(More)
The mammalian cell nucleus contains structurally stable functional compartments. We show here that one of them, the Cajal body (CB), can be formed de novo. Immobilization on chromatin of both CB structural components, such as coilin, and functional components of the CB, such as the SMN complex, spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (RNPs), small(More)