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Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-GP) accompanied by multidrug resistance (MDR) to diverse groups of cytostatics was developed by long-term adaptation of mouse leukemic cell line L1210 to vincristine. Two resistant sublines of cells characterized by ID50 values for vincristine 1.05 mg/l (L1210/VCR-1) and 2.3 mg/l (L1210/VCR-2), respectively, were used.(More)
Natural adaptation to femoral artery occlusion in animals by collateral artery growth restores only approximately 35% of adenosine-recruitable maximal conductance (C(max)) probably because initially elevated fluid shear stress (FSS) quickly normalizes. We tested the hypothesis whether this deficit can be mended by artificially increasing FSS or whether(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of neoplastic tissues is a major obstacle in cancer chemotherapy. The predominant cause of MDR is the overexpression and drug transport activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, a product of the MDR gene). P-gp is a member of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters family, with broad substrate specificity for several substances(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are products of normal cellular metabolism and derive from various sources in different cellular compartments. Oxidative stress resultant from imbalance between ROS generation and antioxidant defense mechanisms is important in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, heart failure, atherosclerosis,(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) have been applied in a variety of therapeutic and experimental studies to improve collateral blood flow. However, the pathophysiological role and the temporospatial expression of the FGFs and their receptors during arteriogenesis have never been elucidated in vivo. Here, we report that collateral artery growth in its early(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are evolutionary conserved enzymes connecting cell-surface receptors to critical regulatory targets within cells. The three major MAPK cascades are known, the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) cascade, c-Jun amino-terminal protein kinase/stress-activated protein kinase (JNK/SAPK) cascade and(More)
Chronic intermittent high altitude (IHA) hypoxia results in long-term adaptation protecting the heart against acute ischemia/reperfusion injury; however, molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon are not completely elucidated so far. The present study was aimed at investigation of a modulating effect of IHA hypoxia on the expression and/or activation of(More)
In our previous papers we described the ability of methylxanthine pentoxifylline (PTX) to depress the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) of the mouse leukemic cell line L1210/VCR. Other methylxanthines like caffeine and theophylline were found to be ineffective in this respect. In the present paper we have analysed the capability of(More)
The effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) on intracellular accumulation of doxorobicin (DOX), DOX cytotoxicity and expression of Pgp in multidrug resistant L1210/VCR cell line were investigated. PTX (100 mg/l) was able to enhance the DOX accumulation in resistant cells. The maximum intracellular levels of DOX were reached after treatment with PTX for 24 hours(More)
The effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) on intracellular accumulation of doxorobicin (DOX), DOX cytotoxicity and expression of Pgp in multidrug resistant L1210/VCR cell line were investigated. PTX (100 mg/l) was able to enhance the DOX accumulation in resistant cells. The maximum intracellular levels of DOX were reached after treatment with PTX for 24 hours(More)