Miroslav Barančík

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We report that okadaic acid (OA), a known inhibitor of Ser/Thr phosphatases, protects pig myocardium against ischemic injury in an in vivo model and stimulates the activities of stress-activated protein kinases/c-Jun N-terminal kinases (SAPKs/JNKs). When OA was directly infused into the subsequently ischemic myocardium for 60 min before a 60-min period of(More)
Natural adaptation to femoral artery occlusion in animals by collateral artery growth restores only approximately 35% of adenosine-recruitable maximal conductance (C(max)) probably because initially elevated fluid shear stress (FSS) quickly normalizes. We tested the hypothesis whether this deficit can be mended by artificially increasing FSS or whether(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of cancer tissue is a phenomenon in which cancer cells exhibit reduced sensitivity to a large group of unrelated drugs with different mechanisms of pharmacological activity. Mechanisms that reduce cell sensitivity to damage induced by a variety of chemicals were found to be caused by diverse, albeit well-defined, phenotypic(More)
Multidrug resistance of murine leukaemic cell line L1210/VCR (obtained by adaptation of parental drug-sensitive L1210 cells to vincristine) is associated with overexpression of mdr1 gene product P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-the ATP-dependent drug efflux pump. 31P-NMR spectra of L1210 and L1210/VCR cells (the latter in the presence of vincristine) revealed, besides(More)
Eukaryotic cells respond to different external stimuli by activation of mechanisms of cell signaling. One of the major systems participating in the transduction of signal from the cell membrane to nuclear and other intracellular targets is the highly conserved mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) superfamily. The members of MAPK family are involved in(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of neoplastic tissues is a major obstacle in cancer chemotherapy. The predominant cause of MDR is the overexpression and drug transport activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, a product of the MDR gene). P-gp is a member of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters family, with broad substrate specificity for several substances(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is the plasma membrane transport pump responsible for efflux of chemotherapeutic agents from cells and is one of the systems that secures multidrug resistance (MDR) of neoplastic cells. In the present study, drug sensitive L1210 and multidrug resistant L1210/VCR (characterized by overexpression of P-gp) mouse leukemic cell lines were(More)
Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3 FA) and statins exhibit besides lipid-lowering effects the antiarrhythmic ability in clinic, while definite mechanisms are not yet elucidated. Our goal was to examine whether these compounds can modulate inducibility of hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) rat heart to ventricular fibrillation (VF) and myocardial cell-to-cell coupling(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are evolutionary conserved enzymes connecting cell-surface receptors to critical regulatory targets within cells. The three major MAPK cascades are known, the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) cascade, c-Jun amino-terminal protein kinase/stress-activated protein kinase (JNK/SAPK) cascade and(More)
Effect of specific inhibitors of extracellular-signal regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathway, PD98059 and U0126, on P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated vincristine resistance of L1210/VCR cells was investigated. Both test inhibitors significantly reduced the survival of L1210/VCR cells in the presence of vincristine and this was associated with a decrease of LC50(More)