Miroslav Adžić

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Chronic stress and impaired glucocorticoid receptor (GR) feedback are important factors for the compromised hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. We investigated the effects of chronic 21 day isolation of Wistar rats on the extrinsic negative feedback part of HPA axis: hippocampus (HIPPO) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). In addition to serum(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is increasingly recognized as a key component in compromised neuroendocrine stress response and, among other etiological causes, it may also involve action of glucocorticoid hormones. In the current study we followed glucocorticoid receptor and identified its mitochondrial phosphoisophorms in hippocampus and prefrontal brain cortex(More)
One of the most consistent biological findings in major depression (MDD) is the altered activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. It is not surprising that glucocorticoid receptor (GR), the common mechanism for stress-related changes in brain function, is a potential target of antidepressant drugs and therapies. All effective antidepressant(More)
Successful adaptation to stress involves synergized actions of glucocorticoids and catecholamines at several levels of the CNS, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Inside the PFC, hormonal signals trigger concerted actions of transcriptional factors, such as glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB), culminating in a balanced,(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are a treatment of choice for stress related disorders including clinical depression and a range of anxiety-related disorders. In the experimental animals, chronic stress paradigms are considered as a model of depression, and in that context are used for examining the effects of different drug treatments. The(More)
Plastic response and successful adaptation to stress are of particular importance in the hippocampus, where chronic stress may cause cell death instead of neural remodeling. Structural modifications that occur both in the brain of depressed patients and animal stress models may be reversed by antidepressants. Since morphological changes induced by stress(More)
Chronic psychosocial isolation stress (CPSI) modulates glucocorticoid receptor (GR) functioning in Wistar male rat hippocampus (HIPPO) through alteration of nuclear GR phosphorylation and its upstream kinases signaling, which parallels animal depressive-like behavior. The current study investigated potential gender specificities regarding the effect of(More)
The antiproliferative and cytotoxic potential of the natural anthracycline aloin from Aloe vera was tested on human uterine carcinoma HeLaS3 cells. Aloin showed a pronounced antiproliferative effect at physiological concentration (IC50 = 97 microM), caused cell cycle arrest in the S phase and markedly increased HeLaS3 cell apoptosis (to 24%). In the(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is reliably observed in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, molecular data on the principal cellular redox-sensitive transcriptional factors and the levels of their downstream-regulated antioxidant enzymes in MDD are scarce. METHODS In the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of subjects with a current episode of MDD(More)
Chronic exposure to stress is associated with different behavioral and neurological syndromes including impaired excitability of nerve cells in hippocampus (HIPPO) and prefrontal cortex (PFC), regions of the brain that are important for adaptation. The successful adaptation to stress involves negative feedback at the level of the(More)