Miroslav Šlouf

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The most critical factor in the development of periprosthetic osteolysis (OL) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the biological reaction to wear debris. This reaction is dependent, in part, on the size and concentration of particles, which are determined predominantly by the polyethylene (PE) wear rate. This implies that the risk for developing OL and(More)
BACKGROUND Cell tracking is a powerful tool to understand cellular migration, dynamics, homing and function of stem cell transplants. Nanoparticles represent possible stem cell tracers, but they differ in cellular uptake and side effects. Their properties can be modified by coating with different biocompatible polymers. To test if a coating polymer,(More)
Simultaneous detection of biological molecules by means of indirect immunolabeling provides valuable information about their localization in cellular compartments and their possible interactions in macromolecular complexes. While fluorescent microscopy allows for simultaneous detection of multiple antigens, the sensitive electron microscopy immunodetection(More)
Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is the most frequently used bearing surface in currently used total joint replacements (TJR). According to the literature available, UHMWPE is the best polymer material, in terms of biocompatibility, mechanical properties and wear resistance, for this application. In spite of this fact, UHMWPE wear (i.e.,(More)
INTRODUCTION Information on the distribution of UHMWPE wear particles around joint replacements is essential for the understanding of aseptic loosening of implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS Samples of soft tissue from around total hip arthroplasty (THA), which had a typical appearance of polyethylene granuloma, were collected from the places corresponding to(More)
The application of palladium nanoparticles as electron-dense markers for labeling in both transmission and scanning electron microscopy requires their conjugation to a specific protein. The conjugation protocol described here includes the dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA) capping of Pd nanoparticles (8 nm equivalent diameter) and their subsequent covalent(More)
Stable Pd nanocubes (PdNC) with the average size ~15 nm were prepared by the controlled reduction of sodium tetrachloropalladate with ascorbic acid in water, in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone and potassium bromide. Morphology of the particles was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and their stability in the colloidal solution was(More)
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) belongs to commodity polymer materials applied in biomedical applications due to its favorable mechanical and chemical properties. The main disadvantage of LDPE in biomedical applications is low resistance to bacterial infections. An antibacterial modification of LDPE appears to be a solution to this problem. In this paper,(More)
Association behavior of diblock copolymer poly(4-hydroxystyrene)-block-poly(ethylene oxide) (PHOS-PEO) in aqueous solutions and solutions in water/tetrahydrofuran mixtures was studied by static, dynamic, and electrophoretic light scattering, (1)H NMR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and cryogenic field-emission scanning electron microscopy.(More)
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is one of the up-to-date organic polymer thermoplastics with applications in orthopaedics and trauma medicine. This study presents a detailed analysis of its tests and applications in clinical medicine. A wide range of PEEK modifications and composites are commercially available, e.g., PEEK-Classix, PEEK-Optima, Endolign and(More)