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Ten days after bilateral electrolytic lesions of nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) we tested behavioral (spontaneous motor activity, acquisition and performance of two-way active avoidance, fear-response in open field test, foot shock induced aggression, depression-response in learned helplessness test) and adaptive status (body temperature at standard,(More)
The depletion of neuronal calcium binding proteins deprives neurons of the capacity to buffer high levels of intracellular Ca(2+) and this leaves them vulnerable to pathological processes, such as those present in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of the calcium binding proteins, calbindin-D28K,(More)
The present study was performed to investigate and compare the effect of acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, physostigmine (0.045, 0.060 and 0.075 mg/kg sc, 30 min before the tests) and Ca-antagonist, verapamil (1.0, 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg/kg sc, 30 min before the tests), on two-way active avoidance (AA) learning (acquisition and performance) in nucleus basalis(More)
It is well known that disturbance of calcium homeostasis has a significant role in the development of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our recent data suggest that acute treatment with the calcium antagonist verapamil can improve some behavioral deficits in an experimental model of AD. Therefore, the present study was done to(More)
The aim of the present study was to 1) determine the intensity of cold restraint-induced gastric lesions and core body temperature in single- and group-stressed rats, and establish a correlation between them; and 2) determine the influence of visual contact among animals during cold restraint on development of gastric stress ulcer. Therefore, adult male(More)
The contribution of autoimmune processes or inflammatory components in the etiology and pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been suspected for many years. The presence of antigen-presenting, HLA-DR-positive and other immunoregulatory cells, components of complement, inflammatory cytokines and acute phase reactants have been established in tissue of(More)
Diabetes mellitus is associated with disturbances of cognitive functioning. The aim of this study was to examine cognitive functioning in diabetic rats using the 'Can test', a novel spatial/object learning and memory task, without the use of aversive stimuli. Rats were trained to select a single rewarded can from seven cans. Mild water deprivation provided(More)
We investigated the effect of binge alcohol consumption on anxiety-related behavior and memory in adolescent male Wistar rats. Three consecutive daily sessions of ethanol administration (5 g/kg) were repeated weekly for 4 weeks. The retention of passive avoidance was measured weekly, 48 h following the treatment. Three days after the last memory test a(More)
Animal models of anxiety have usually employed nocturnal species (e.g. rats and mice), and the tests used have been almost exclusively performed during the diurnal phase (lights on). Here, for the first time, we tested anxiety in a diurnal rodent, Octodon degus, according to its age (23 versus 40 months of age) and the time of the day. We employed three(More)
Social isolation in adulthood is a psychosocial stressor that can result in endocrinological and behavioral alterations in different species. In rodents, controversial results have been obtained in fear conditioning after social isolation at adulthood, while neural substrates underlying these differences are largely unknown. Neural cell adhesion molecule(More)