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Three mammalian ADAMTS enzymes, ADAMTS-1, -4 and -5, are known to cleave aggrecan at certain glutamyl bonds and are considered to be largely responsible for cartilage aggrecan catabolism observed during the development of arthritis. We have previously reported that certain catechins, polyphenolic compounds found in highest concentration in green tea(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize the proteoglycans and catabolic products of proteoglycans present in the tensile region of ligament and explant cultures of this tissue, and to compare these with those observed in the tensile region of tendon. Approx. 90% of the total proteoglycans in fresh ligament was decorin, as estimated by N-terminal(More)
Tendons are collagenous tissues made of mainly Type I collagen and it has been shown that the major proteoglycans of tendons are decorin and versican. Little is still known about the catabolism of these proteoglycans in tendon. Therefore, the aim of the study was to characterise the proteoglycans including their catabolic products present in uncultured(More)
ADAMTS proteinases, belonging to the adamalysin subfamily of metalloproteinases, have been implicated in a variety of cellular events such as morphogenesis, cell migration, angiogenesis, ovulation and extracellular matrix breakdown. Aggrecanase-1 (ADAMTS-4) and aggrecanase-2 (ADAMTS-5) have been identified in cartilage and are largely responsible for(More)
Bovine joint capsule was maintained in explant culture in the presence of bovine aggrecan monomer and it was shown that the aggrecan monomer was degraded. Amino-terminal sequence analysis of the resulting aggrecan core protein fragments revealed that the core protein was cleaved at five specific sites attributed to glutamyl endopeptidases referred to as(More)
The culture of bovine synovial or capsular tissue generated proteoglycan-degrading activity. When these tissues were incubated with living or dead bovine articular cartilage significantly more proteoglycan-degrading activity was revealed. The activity was present in a soluble form and required protein synthesis for its generation. The conditioned medium did(More)
Bovine aggrecan was digested with bovine cathepsin D at pH 5.2 under conditions of partial digestion and the resulting aggrecan core protein fragments were separated by electrophoresis on gradient polyacrylamide gels. The fragments were characterized by their reactivity to specific antibodies and by N-terminal amino acid sequencing. It was also demonstrated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine differences in the metabolism of proteoglycans and the gene expression of proteinases and their inhibitors between patellar tendons exhibiting chronic overuse tendinopathy and normal patellar tendons in humans. METHODS Rates of loss and synthesis of proteoglycans were determined. Radiolabeled and total proteoglycans retained in and(More)
Characterization of aggrecan core protein peptides appearing in the medium of adult articular cartilage maintained in tissue culture showed that eight major peptides could be detected. The two largest peptides had the same N-terminal sequence as bovine aggrecan core protein and probably represent partly degraded aggrecan lost to the medium in the form of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of long-term exposure to glucosamine or mannosamine on the catabolism of aggrecan by explant cultures of bovine articular cartilage maintained in the presence of retinoic acid. DESIGN The kinetics of loss of 35S-labeled and total aggrecan from explant cultures of bovine articular cartilage maintained in the presence of(More)