Mirna Rapp

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Ependymal cells have been reported to express the facilitative glucose carriers GLUT1, GLUT2, and GLUT4, as well as glucokinase. They are therefore speculated to be part of the cerebral glucose sensing system and may also respond to insulin with alterations in their glucose uptake rate. A cell culture model was employed to study the functional status of(More)
Ependymal cell culture models from rat have been developed over the last 20 years to facilitate biochemical studies on this least-studied glial cell type. The cell culture protocol calls for the presence of thrombin, which is essential for obtaining a high proportion of multiciliated ependymal cells. The serine protease appears to act via protease-activated(More)
Serotonin uptake and metabolism was studied in ependymal primary cultures. Serotonin uptake was facilitated by two different systems, one of which was the neuronal serotonin transporter SERT, exhibiting a Vmax value of 3.8+/-0.1 pmol x min(-1) x (mg protein)(-1) and an apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of 0.41+/-0.03 microM. The main product of metabolism(More)
Ependymal primary cultures are a model for studying ependymal energy metabolism. Intracellular glycogen is built up in the cultures dependent on culture age and the presence of glucose and glutamate. This energy store is mobilized upon glucose withdrawal, stimulation with isoproterenol, forskolin or serotonin and after uncoupling of oxidative(More)
To evaluate the ability of ependymal, microglial and oligodendroglial cells to degrade leucine, the presence of 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCC) was investigated in cultures of these cells. MCC is a biotin-containing heterodimeric enzyme that is specific for the irreversible part of the leucine catabolic pathway. It has been reported previously that(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of atrial natriuretic peptides on primary cultures of ependymal cells, as measured by changes in intracellular levels of cyclic GMP. Incubation of ependymal cells with rat atrial natriuretic peptide-(1-28) (rANP) elicited a 30-fold increase in ependymal cGMP content within 1 min and more than a 100-fold(More)
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