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Ependymal primary cultures are a model for studying ependymal energy metabolism. Intracellular glycogen is built up in the cultures dependent on culture age and the presence of glucose and glutamate. This energy store is mobilized upon glucose withdrawal, stimulation with isoproterenol, forskolin or serotonin and after uncoupling of oxidative(More)
Olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) in SWR outbred male mice lengthened the free-running period and delayed the phase of a circadian rhythm for wheel-running activity. OBX also increased mean levels of activity. Two weeks of daily intraperitoneal injections of Fluoxetine (8 mg/kg), a serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, reversed the effects of bulbectomy on the mean level(More)
Fluoxetine is a potent and specific serotonin re-uptake inhibitor and an effective antidepressant drug. Male mice were treated with either fluoxetine (8 mg/kg body weight per day) or saline. Wheel running activity was monitored for 2 weeks in a 12:12 LD cycle followed by 2 weeks in constant darkness (DD). Fluoxetine significantly shortened free-running(More)
Ependymal cells have been reported to express the facilitative glucose carriers GLUT1, GLUT2, and GLUT4, as well as glucokinase. They are therefore speculated to be part of the cerebral glucose sensing system and may also respond to insulin with alterations in their glucose uptake rate. A cell culture model was employed to study the functional status of(More)
Serotonin uptake and metabolism was studied in ependymal primary cultures. Serotonin uptake was facilitated by two different systems, one of which was the neuronal serotonin transporter SERT, exhibiting a Vmax value of 3.8 ± 0.1 pmol·min−1·(mg protein)−1 and an apparent Michaelis–Menten constant of 0.41 ± 0.03 μM. The main product of metabolism was(More)
Ependymal cell culture models from rat have been developed over the last 20 years to facilitate biochemical studies on this least-studied glial cell type. The cell culture protocol calls for the presence of thrombin, which is essential for obtaining a high proportion of multiciliated ependymal cells. The serine protease appears to act via protease-activated(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of atrial natriuretic peptides on primary cultures of ependymal cells, as measured by changes in intracellular levels of cyclic GMP. Incubation of ependymal cells with rat atrial natriuretic peptide-(1-28) (rANP) elicited a 30-fold increase in ependymal cGMP content within 1 min and more than a 100-fold(More)
To evaluate the ability of ependymal, microglial and oligodendroglial cells to degrade leucine, the presence of 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCC) was investigated in cultures of these cells. MCC is a biotin-containing heterodimeric enzyme that is specific for the irreversible part of the leucine catabolic pathway. It has been reported previously that(More)
In the rat pineal gland cAMP mediates nocturnal induction of the enzyme arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AA-NAT) as well as of transcription factors such as inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER), Fos-related antigen-2 (Fra-2) and JunB. Cyclic AMP stimulates the phosphorylation of the DNA binding protein cAMP response element binding protein (CREB). While(More)
The photoneural regulation of nitric oxide synthase type I (NOS I) expression in the rat pineal was investigated using semiquantitative RT-PCR. NOS I transcript expression exhibited a daily rhythm with peak values during the night hours. The daily rhythm in NOS I transcript expression persisted under constant dark conditions and was abolished under constant(More)