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We report characterization of a human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) isolated from an interleukin 2-dependent CD8 T-cell line derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a healthy, HTLV-II-seropositive female Bakola Pygmy, aged 59, living in a remote equatorial forest area in south Cameroon. This HTLLV-II isolate, designated PYGCAM-1,(More)
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have shown to enhance the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to be more common among female commercial sex workers (FSWs). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 625 FSWs in six cities of Argentina in 2000-2002. The seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus infection is frequent among Amerindians. In Argentina HBV genotypes A, B, C, D, E, F and H were described in different populations, while some cases of occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) were reported in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfected patients. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, genetic diversity of HBV and(More)
In Argentina, current procedures to ensure the safety of the blood supply for transfusion include the serologic detection of specific blood-borne infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the genetic diversity of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis D virus (HDV) in blood donor populations from two distantly located Argentine(More)
BACKGROUND Guidelines suggest that all HBsAg-positive patients should be tested for anti-HDV IgG antibodies and to confirm active hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection by detection of HDV RNA by reverse transcriptase (RT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the serological prevalence and molecular features of HDV(More)
Serological assays for human T-cell lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) are widely used in routine screening of blood donors. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of four commercial screening assays for HTLV-1/2 infection frequently used in South America. A total of 142 HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 seropositive and 336 seronegative samples were(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) are prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM). GOAL To estimate the prevalence of HIV and STIs in this group. STUDY A total of 694 MSM were tested for HIV, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), human T-cell lymphotropic (HTLV-I/II) viruses and Treponema(More)
A case of neurological disease featuring human T lymphocyte virus-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) was diagnosed by serological (Western blot) and molecular (polymerase chain reaction) criteria as related to human T lymphocyte virus (HTLV)-II infection. This is, to our knowledge, the first case of this kind found in Argentina and(More)
Compared with other regions in Argentina, greater human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) seroprevalence has been reported in Jujuy Province, where it reaches 2.32% in the general population, so that a search for HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) cases deserved to be carried out. Accordingly, a clinically diagnosed(More)