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Three children with osteogenesis imperfecta, severe osteopenia, and repeated fractures were treated with cyclic infusions of aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate (pamidronate) for a period ranging from 22 to 29 months. A clear clinical response was shown, with a striking reduction of new fracture episodes and a marked improvement in the quality of the(More)
Bone histomorphometry or quantitative histology consists of counting or measuring tissue components: cells, extracellular constituents and microarchitecture. Bone histomorphometry is the only method that allows the measurement of mineralization rate and the study of bone formation at three levels: cell, remodeling unit and tissue levels. It is a useful tool(More)
Specific dental enamel defects (DEDs) in permanent teeth are frequently observed in coeliac patients. We examined the permanent teeth in 6949 secondary school children living in Trieste (78% of 8724 children born between 1978 and 1982). Children with DEDs were tested for serum antigliadin antibodies (AGAs) and antiendomysium antibodies (AEAs), and those(More)
The development of intravenous enzyme-replacement treatment for Gaucher's disease has changed life expectancy in cases without neurological involvement (type 1). The effects in patients with neurological involvement are unknown. We treated 12 Italian patients, types 1 (9) and 3 (3), with intravenous alglucerase: 70-120 IU/kg per month for type 3 and 30-60(More)
The aim of this work was to monitor the effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy on the basis of the changes in T1 relaxation times in Gaucher patients. A total of 26 patients underwent MR before enzyme replacement therapy; of them, 18 have been followed-up. A total of 22 age-matched controls underwent the same MR study. Scans were focused on the femoral(More)
OBJECTIVE While the role of osteoclasts in bone loss has been well investigated, the involvement of osteoblast-lineage cells has not been completely elucidated. Several genes contribute to normal osteoblastic differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), but an understanding of their role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis is still lacking. The(More)
Gaucher disease is the most prevalent lysosomal storage disorder. It is characterized by an autosomal recessive inheritance of a deficiency of lysosomal acid glucocerebrosidase. Three clinical phenotypes are recognized: type 1 (non-neuronopathic), type 2 (acute neuronopathic), type 3 (subacute neuronopathic). Bone lesions are associated with type 1 and type(More)
The acute-phase response (APR) is the most frequent side effect after the first dose of intravenous nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs). It has been demonstrated in vitro that N-BPs stimulate gammadelta T-cell proliferation and production of cytokines and that vitamin D is able to modulate them. Therefore, we have studied the relationship between(More)
The increasing use of densitometric devices for assessing bone fragility has progressively strengthened the assumption that mass is the most important property determining bone mechanical competence. Nevertheless, structure and microarchitecture are relevant aspects of bone strength. The study of microarchitecture is based on the measure of width, number,(More)
MSCs are known to have an extensive proliferative potential and ability to differentiate in various cell types. Osteoblastic differentiation from mesenchymal progenitor cells is an important step of bone formation, though the pattern of gene expression during differentiation is not yet well understood. Here, to investigate the possibility to obtain a model(More)