Mirko Stocker

Learn More
In hippocampal and other cortical neurons, action potentials are followed by afterhyperpolarizations (AHPs) generated by the activation of small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (SK channels). By shaping the neuronal firing pattern, these AHPs contribute to the regulation of excitability and to the encoding function of neurons. Here we report that CA1(More)
In most central neurons, action potentials are followed by an afterhyperpolarization (AHP) that controls firing pattern and excitability. The medium and slow components of the AHP have been ascribed to the activation of small conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (SK) channels. Cloned SK channels are heteromeric complexes of SK alpha-subunits and(More)
Cloning and sequencing of cDNAs isolated from a rat cortex cDNA library reveals that a gene family encodes several highly homologous K+ channel forming (RCK) proteins. Functional characterization of the channels expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes following microinjection of in vitro transcribed RCK-specific RNAs shows that each of the RCK proteins forms K+(More)
Modulation of neuronal excitability by regulation of K+ channels potentially plays a part in short-term memory but has not yet been studied at the molecular level. Regulation of K+ channels by protein phosphorylation and oxygen has been described for various tissues and cell types; regulation of fast-inactivating K+ channels mediating IK(A) currents has not(More)
Ca(2+)-activated, voltage-independent K(+) channels are present in most neurons and mediate the afterhyperpolarizations (AHPs) following action potentials. They present distinct physiological and pharmacological properties and play an important role in controlling neuronal firing frequency and spike frequency adaptation. We used in situ hybridization to(More)
Some venomous animals capture prey with remarkable efficiency and speed. The purple cone, Conus purpurascens, uses two parallel physiological mechanisms requiring multiple neurotoxins to immobilize fish rapidly: neuromuscular block, and excitotoxic shock. The latter requires the newly characterized peptide kappa-conotoxin PVIIA, which inhibits the Shaker(More)
Mutations in the Shaker (Sh) locus of Drosophila melanogaster have differing effects on action potential duration and repolarization in neurons as well as on A-type K+ channels (IA) in muscle. The molecular basis of three exemplary Sh alleles (ShKS133, ShE62 and Sh5) has been identified. They are point mutations in the Sh transcription unit expressing(More)
Previously, we characterized a Shaker-related family of voltage-gated potassium channels (RCK) in rat brain. Now, we describe a second family of voltage-gated potassium channels in the rat nervous system. This family is related to the Drosophila Shaw gene and has been dubbed Raw. In contrast to the RCK potassium channel family the Raw family utilizes(More)
The kinetic behaviour and functional role of potassium ion (K+) channels mediating a fast-inactivating K+ current (IK(A)) has been widely discussed. Activating in the subthreshold range of excitation, IK(A) channels are assumed to reduce the excitatory effect of depolarizing membrane currents in a time-dependent manner. Here we report that IK(A) channels(More)
Injection into Xenopus oocytes of RNA synthesized in vitro using the rat brain cDNA RCK1 as a template or nuclear injection of the cDNA results in the expression of functional potassium channels. These channels exhibit properties similar to those of the non-inactivating delayed rectifier channel found in mammalian neurons and other excitable cells.