Mirko Manchia.

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Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic and often severe psychiatric illness characterized by manic and depressive episodes. Among the most effective treatments, mood stabilizers represent the keystone in acute mania, depression, and maintenance treatment of BD. However, treatment response is a highly heterogeneous trait, thus emphasizing the need for a(More)
To assess the possibility of an association between TNF gene polymorphisms and migraine without aura, a case-control study was performed in a Sardinian sample. Migraine without aura is a complex genetic disease in which susceptibility and environmental factors contribute towards its development. Several studies suggest that tumour necrosis factors (TNF)(More)
Phenotypic misclassification (between cases) has been shown to reduce the power to detect association in genetic studies. However, it is conceivable that complex traits are heterogeneous with respect to individual genetic susceptibility and disease pathophysiology, and that the effect of heterogeneity has a larger magnitude than the effect of phenotyping(More)
For more than half a decade, lithium has been successfully used to treat bipolar disorder. Worldwide, it is considered the first-line mood stabilizer. Apart from its proven antimanic and prophylactic effects, considerable evidence also suggests an antisuicidal effect in affective disorders. Lithium is also effectively used to augment antidepressant drugs in(More)
The aim of this study was to identify whether age at onset (AAO) identifies Bipolar Disorder (BD) subtypes, and to test whether the subgroups were confirmed by different clinical profiles. Admixture analysis was applied to determine a model that best fit the observed distribution of AAO in 964 BD patients. Three distributions of AAO were identified, and age(More)
BACKGROUND Lithium is a first-line treatment in bipolar disorder, but individual response is variable. Previous studies have suggested that lithium response is a heritable trait. However, no genetic markers of treatment response have been reproducibly identified. METHODS Here, we report the results of a genome-wide association study of lithium response in(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental conditions early in life may imprint the circadian system and influence response to environmental signals later in life. We previously determined that a large springtime increase in solar insolation at the onset location was associated with a younger age of onset of bipolar disorder, especially with a family history of mood(More)
OBJECTIVE The assessment of response to lithium maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder (BD) is complicated by variable length of treatment, unpredictable clinical course, and often inconsistent compliance. Prospective and retrospective methods of assessment of lithium response have been proposed in the literature. In this study we report the key(More)
Lithium represents the first-choice and most effective drug in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD). While its mechanism of action is far from being totally understood, a large amount of evidence pointed to a role of second messengers mediated pathways and elements of the circadian system in modulating its mood stabilizing effect. In the present paper, we(More)
Polymorphisms within the DRD1, DRD2, DRD3, DAT1, 5-HTTLPR and HTR2A genes are being studied for association with lithium prophylaxis in a sample of 155 Sardinian unrelated probands affected by bipolar disorder (BP). No significant association was shown between the polymorphisms of the genes studied and response to lithium treatment.