Mirko Kummer

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Mature dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells within the human immune system. However, Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is able to interfere with DC biology and to establish latency in infected individuals. In this study, we provide new insights into the mechanism by which HSV-1 disarms DCs by the manipulation of CD83, a(More)
The cell surface protein CD83 belongs to the immunoglobulin super family and is highly expressed on mature dendritic cells (DCs). A membrane bound and a soluble form of CD83 (sCD83) have been described. Previously, the isolation of a purified recombinant sCD83 molecule from bacterial cultures using high pressure liquid chromatography was reported. This(More)
Selective gene silencing by small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) has been shown to be an efficient method for the targeted manipulation of cellular functions. Chemical transfection reagents represent the current standard technique in siRNA duplex delivery into mammalian cells. However, when trying to manipulate cells isolated from patients in clinical(More)
HSV-1 is a very successful representative of the α-herpesvirus family, and ∼ 90% of the population is seropositive for this particular virus. Although the pathogen usually causes the well-known mild lesions on the lips, also, severe infections of the eye or the brain can be observed in rare cases. It is well known, that this virus can efficiently infect the(More)
Uveal melanoma is the most frequently occurring primary intraocular tumor in adults, with an incidence of about 5 out of 100,000 per year, the incidence rising with increasing age (Lipski, Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 230:1005-1019, 2013; Metz et al., Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 230:686-691, 2013; Singh and Topham, Ophthalmology 110:956-961, 2003). Often diagnosed(More)
It has been shown that herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) blocks specific immune responses by various mechanisms. Cell lines infected with HSV-1 for instance show a severe impairment of the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) signaling pathway. Thus, we examined the influence of HSV-1 infection on(More)
Dendritic cells are the sentinels of the immune system and as such represent the first-line of defense against incoming pathogens. Upon encounter with harmful antigens, these antigen-presenting cells start to mature and migrate towards the draining lymph nodes to display the antigen to T-lymphocytes, thereby eliciting the immune response of the host.(More)
UNLABELLED Mature dendritic cells (mDCs) are known as the most potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs) since they are also able to prime/induce naive T cells. Thus, mDCs play a pivotal role during the induction of antiviral immune responses. Remarkably, the cell surface molecule CD83, which was shown to have costimulatory properties, is targeted by herpes(More)
Mature dendritic cells (mDCs) are the most potent antigen presenting cells within the human immune system known today. However, several viruses, including herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) have developed numerous immune escape mechanisms, such as the avoidance of peptide presentation through the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I to CD8(+)(More)