Learn More
Increasing evidence shows that hearing loss is a risk factor for tinnitus and hyperacusis. Although both often coincide, a causal relationship between tinnitus and hyperacusis has not been shown. Currently, tinnitus and hyperacusis are assumed to be caused by elevated responsiveness in subcortical circuits. We examined both the impact of different degrees(More)
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a global health hazard with considerable pathophysiological and social consequences that has no effective treatment. In the heart, lung and other organs, cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) facilitates protective processes in response to traumatic events. We therefore analyzed NIHL in mice with a genetic deletion of(More)
Tinnitus is proposed to be caused by decreased central input from the cochlea, followed by increased spontaneous and evoked subcortical activity that is interpreted as compensation for increased responsiveness of central auditory circuits. We compared equally noise exposed rats separated into groups with and without tinnitus for differences in brain(More)
Multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) has become an increasingly frequent diagnosis assigned to patients with symptoms associated with exposures to environmental chemicals. Since the characteristic symptoms of MCS are triggered by very low concentrations of chemicals, in the range of olfactory thresholds, it is widely believed that the intranasal(More)
Transnasal endoscopy and transoral nasopharyngoscopy as routine examinations of the nasopharynx, tubal tori and pharyngeal part of the eustachian tube prove to be very useful. Some observations about the anatomy and the physiological movements of the tubal torus differ from the contemporary concept of the tubal opening mechanism. As measurements showed they(More)
The radical operations of the paranasal sinuses with total removal of the diseased mucosa very often produced postoperative disability due to scar formation and nerve irritation. A new concept of endonasal sinus surgery is based on the reestablishment of paranasal draining, reventilation, and preservation of the lining mucosa. This became possible by a(More)
The EMG enables diagnosis, follow-up and prognosis of vocal cord palsy as well as an indication for surgery. Using the zoom-endoscope by v. Stuckrad the EMG can be performed in local anesthesia. With a specially designed instrument the needle electrode can be transorally applied exactly in the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle as well as in other muscles of(More)
There are still some problems of the surgical treatment of septal perforations (s.p.). Only patients with s.p. having complaints i.e. bleeding, crusting, whistling and headache should be treated. More than 60% of 61 operated patients had an iatrogenic perforation. The complete closure of the s.p. is not abosulutely necessary. More important seems to be the(More)
For all sensory organs, the establishment of spatial and temporal cortical resolution is assumed to be initiated by the first sensory experience and a BDNF-dependent increase in intracortical inhibition. To address the potential of cortical BDNF for sound processing, we used mice with a conditional deletion of BDNF in which Cre expression was under the(More)
The energy-sensing AMP-activated serine/threonine protein kinase (AMPK) confers cell survival in part by stimulation of cellular energy production and limitation of cellular energy utilization. AMPK-sensitive functions further include activities of epithelial Na+ channel ENaC and voltage-gated K+ channel KCNE1/KCNQ1. AMPK is activated by an increased(More)