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UNLABELLED We investigated the effects of body mass index (BMI) on functional residual capacity (FRC), respiratory mechanics (compliance and resistance), gas exchange, and the inspiratory mechanical work done per liter of ventilation during general anesthesia. We used the esophageal balloon technique, together with rapid airway occlusion during constant(More)
We investigated the effects of the prone position on the mechanical properties (compliance and resistance) of the total respiratory system, the lung, and the chest wall, and the functional residual capacity (FRC) and gas exchange in 17 normal, anesthetized, and paralyzed patients undergoing elective surgery. We used the esophageal balloon technique together(More)
Arterial hypertension is widely applied to improve regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). We measured local brain tissue O2 pressure (PtiO2) in low density lesions at computerized tomography (CT) of the head before and after manipulation of mean arterial pressure (MAP) in order to increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). Nine patients, 7 subarachnoid(More)
The effects of inspiratory flow and inflation volume on the mechanical properties of the respiratory system in eight sedated and paralyzed postoperative morbidly obese patients (aged 37.6 +/- 11.8 yr who had never smoked and had normal preoperative seated spirometry) were investigated by using the technique of rapid airway occlusion during constant-flow(More)
Functional residual capacity (FRC) was measured before and after induction of anaesthesia for jejunoileal bypass surgery in 30 morbidly obese patients. The onset of anaesthesia was associated with a 51% reduction in FRC from 2.2 litre to 1.0 litre. Eighteen of the patients were investigated more extensively; in these subjects FRC was reduced below the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relative contribution of the lung and the chest wall on the total respiratory system mechanics, gas exchange, and work of breathing in sedated-paralyzed normal subjects and morbidly obese patients, in the postoperative period. SETTING Policlinico Hospital, University of Milan, Italy. METHODS In ten normal subjects (normal) and ten(More)
We investigated the effects of prone position on functional residual capacity (FRC), the mechanical properties (compliance and resistance) of the total respiratory system, lung and chest wall, and the gas exchange in 10 anesthetized and paralyzed obese (body mass index more than 30 kg/m2) patients, undergoing elective surgery. We used the esophageal balloon(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different pressurization rates during pressure support ventilation on breathing pattern, work of breathing, gas exchange and patient comfort in patients with acute lung injury. The pressurization rate modifies the initial pressure ramp by changing the initial peak flow rate: the increase in(More)
Steinert's disease (SD) is a rare (3-5/100000) myotonic myopathy responsible for chronic restrictive respiratory insufficiency and dilatative myocardiopathy. The authors report the case of a 52-years-old female patient with SD who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged(More)
To evaluate the effect of different room temperatures on hydrophobic heat and moisture exchangers (HME) humidifying capability and efficiency. Stock HMEs were tested in vitro using an already described test model, with separation of inspiratory and expiratory gas. Absolute humidity (AH) was measured by means of dry-wet dual thermocouple, and HME efficiency(More)