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Oral ganciclovir and valacyclovir reduce the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after renal transplantation (RTx). Our study was designed to compare the efficacy, costs, and safety of oral ganciclovir and valacyclovir in the prophylaxis of CMV disease over the first 6 months after RTx. A total of 38 patients was randomized to 3-month treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a risk factor for acute renal allograft rejection. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of CMV viremia on subclinical rejection (SCR) and interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IF/TA) in protocol biopsy at 3 months after transplantation. METHODS A total of 118 consecutive renal transplant recipients at(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Both valganciclovir and high-dose valacyclovir are recommended for cytomegalovirus prophylaxis after renal transplantation. A head-to-head comparison of both regimens is lacking. The objective of the study was to compare valacyclovir prophylaxis with valganciclovir, which constituted the control group. DESIGN, SETTINGS,(More)
BACKGROUND In a randomized study, we observed a higher incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection with pre-emptive valganciclovir therapy as compared with valacyclovir prophylaxis for prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after renal transplantation (RTx). Persistence of the virus within the allograft could stimulate the alloimmune response. The aim(More)
Prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV) is essential in organ transplantation. The two main strategies are pre-emptive therapy, in which one screens for and treats asymptomatic CMV viremia, and universal antiviral prophylaxis. We compared these strategies and examined long-term outcomes in a randomized, open-label, single-center trial. We randomly assigned 70(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the cost impact of four different strategies for prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after renal transplantation. METHODS Hospitalization data and medical resource utilization data were prospectively collected alongside two randomized trials. In the first trial, the patients were randomized to(More)
The solution usually recommended for rinsing the blood side, which is an indispensable step in preparing a dialyzer for hemodialysis (HD), contains saline and heparin. The heparin used for rinsing is said to reduce the thrombogenic properties of the dialysis membrane and, hence, also the need for systemic heparinization during the whole procedure. The aim(More)
INTRODUCTION Valganciclovir (vGCV) and valacyclovir (vACV) are used in cytomegalovirus (CMV) prophylaxis in renal transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to compare the economic impact of both regimens during 1-year follow-up. METHODS A total of 117 renal transplant recipients at risk for CMV were randomized to 3-month prophylaxis either with(More)
BACKGROUND Antiviral prophylaxis against cytomegalovirus has been associated with reduced risk of allograft rejection and improved allograft survival after renal transplantation. This phenomenon might not be fully explained by preventing the indirect effects of cytomegalovirus. The effect of antiviral agents on lymphocyte function in patients treated with(More)