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The "funny" (pacemaker) current has unusual characteristics, including activation on hyperpolarization, permeability to K(+) and Na(+), modulation by internal cAMP, and a tiny, single-channel conductance. In cardiac cells and neurons, pacemaker channels control repetitive activity and excitability. The recent cloning of HCN subunits provides new insight(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated (pacemaker) channels are dually gated by negative voltage and intracellular cAMP. Kinetics of native cardiac f-channels are not compatible with HH gating, and require closed/open multistate models. We verified that members of the HCN channel family (mHCN1, hHCN2, hHCN4) also have properties not complying with HH gating, such as(More)
Human cDNA coding for the hyperpolarization-activated "pacemaker" channel HCN2 was expressed in Phoenix cells and yielded an inward current (IhHCN2) activated on hyperpolarization. The average IhHCN2 was half-activated at -83.1 mV and its kinetics could be described by second-order Hodgkin-Huxley gating. The time constant curve was bell-shaped and peaked at(More)
1. Single cells were isolated from the sinus node region of rabbits (2 days old to adult) to study the age-dependent contribution of the sodium current (iNa) to pacemaker activity. 2. Experiments were conducted in 50 mM Na(+)-Ca(2+)-free solution. All newborn cells (2-19 days) exhibited a TTX-sensitive, Mn(2+)-insensitive fast inward Na+ current (peak(More)
Isolated newborn, but not adult, rabbit sinoatrial node (SAN) cells exhibit spontaneous activity that (unlike adult) are highly sensitive to the Na(+) current (I(Na)) blocker TTX. To investigate this TTX action on automaticity, cells were voltage clamped with ramp depolarizations mimicking the pacemaker phase of spontaneous cells (-60 to -20 mV, 35 mV/s).(More)
HCN channels are the molecular subunits of native funny (f-) channels of cardiac pacemaker cells and neurons. Although funny channels were first functionally described in cardiac cells in the late 1970s, cloning of HCN channels, of which four subunits are known today (HCN1-4), had to wait some 20 years to be accomplished, which delayed the investigation of(More)
'Funny-' (f-) channels of cardiac sino-atrial node (SAN) cells are key players in the process of pacemaker generation and mediate the modulatory action of autonomic transmitters on heart rate. The molecular components of f-channels are the hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels. Of the four HCN isoforms known, two (HCN4 and(More)
"Funny" (f-) channels have a key role in generation of spontaneous activity of pacemaker cells and mediate autonomic control of cardiac rate; f-channels and the related neuronal h-channels are composed of hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel subunits. We have investigated the block of f-channels of rabbit cardiac sino-atrial(More)
The hyperpolarization-activated I(h) current, coded for by hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels, controls synaptic integration and intrinsic excitability in many brain areas. Because of their role in pacemaker function, defective HCN channels are natural candidates for contributing to epileptogenesis. Indeed, I(h) is(More)
The hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) family of "pacemaker" channels includes 4 isoforms, the kinetics and cAMP-induced modulation of which differ quantitatively. Because HCN isoforms are highly homologous in the central region, but diverge more substantially in the N and C termini, we asked whether these latter regions could(More)