Mirko Baruscotti

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'Funny-' (f-) channels of cardiac sino-atrial node (SAN) cells are key players in the process of pacemaker generation and mediate the modulatory action of autonomic transmitters on heart rate. The molecular components of f-channels are the hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels. Of the four HCN isoforms known, two (HCN4 and(More)
Cardiac pacemaking generation and modulation rely on the coordinated activity of several processes. Although a wealth of evidence indicates a relevant role of the I(f) ("funny," or pacemaker) current, whose molecular constituents are the hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels and particularly HCN4, work with mice where Hcn genes(More)
The "funny" (pacemaker) current has unusual characteristics, including activation on hyperpolarization, permeability to K(+) and Na(+), modulation by internal cAMP, and a tiny, single-channel conductance. In cardiac cells and neurons, pacemaker channels control repetitive activity and excitability. The recent cloning of HCN subunits provides new insight(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated (pacemaker) channels are dually gated by negative voltage and intracellular cAMP. Kinetics of native cardiac f-channels are not compatible with HH gating, and require closed/open multistate models. We verified that members of the HCN channel family (mHCN1, hHCN2, hHCN4) also have properties not complying with HH gating, such as(More)
BACKGROUND Although we know much about the molecular makeup of the sinus node (SN) in small mammals, little is known about it in humans. The aims of the present study were to investigate the expression of ion channels in the human SN and to use the data to predict electrical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS Quantitative polymerase chain reaction, in situ(More)
First described over a quarter of a century ago, the cardiac pacemaker "funny" (I(f)) current has been extensively characterized since, and its role in cardiac pacemaking has been thoroughly demonstrated. A similar current, termed I(h), was later described in different types of neurons, where it has a variety of functions and contributes to the control of(More)
1. Single cells were isolated from the sinus node region of rabbits (2 days old to adult) to study the age-dependent contribution of the sodium current (iNa) to pacemaker activity. 2. Experiments were conducted in 50 mM Na(+)-Ca(2+)-free solution. All newborn cells (2-19 days) exhibited a TTX-sensitive, Mn(2+)-insensitive fast inward Na+ current (peak(More)
Ivabradine is a 'heart rate-reducing' agent able to slow heart rate, without complicating side-effects. Its action results from a selective and specific block of pacemaker f-channels of the cardiac sinoatrial node (SAN). Investigation has shown that block by ivabradine requires open f-channels, is use dependent, and is affected by the direction of current(More)
"Funny" (f-) channels have a key role in generation of spontaneous activity of pacemaker cells and mediate autonomic control of cardiac rate; f-channels and the related neuronal h-channels are composed of hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel subunits. We have investigated the block of f-channels of rabbit cardiac sino-atrial(More)
1. The effect of the antiarrhythmic drug dronedarone on the Acetylcholine-activated K(+) current (I(K(ACh))) was investigated in single cells isolated from sinoatrial node (SAN) tissue of rabbit hearts. 2. Externally perfused dronedarone (0.001 - 1 microM) caused a potent, voltage independent block of I(K(ACh)). Fitting of the dose response curve of(More)