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First described over a quarter of a century ago, the cardiac pacemaker "funny" (I(f)) current has been extensively characterized since, and its role in cardiac pacemaking has been thoroughly demonstrated. A similar current, termed I(h), was later described in different types of neurons, where it has a variety of functions and contributes to the control of(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated (pacemaker) channels are dually gated by negative voltage and intracellular cAMP. Kinetics of native cardiac f-channels are not compatible with HH gating, and require closed/open multistate models. We verified that members of the HCN channel family (mHCN1, hHCN2, hHCN4) also have properties not complying with HH gating, such as(More)
BACKGROUND Although we know much about the molecular makeup of the sinus node (SN) in small mammals, little is known about it in humans. The aims of the present study were to investigate the expression of ion channels in the human SN and to use the data to predict electrical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS Quantitative polymerase chain reaction, in situ(More)
The pacemaker "funny" current (I(f)) has been the object of detailed investigations since its original description in sinoatrial node myocytes in the late 1970s; its role in underlying generation of spontaneous activity and autonomic modulation of cardiac rate has been amply demonstrated. In the late 1990s four isoforms of the hyperpolarization-activated,(More)
"Funny" (f-) channels have a key role in generation of spontaneous activity of pacemaker cells and mediate autonomic control of cardiac rate; f-channels and the related neuronal h-channels are composed of hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel subunits. We have investigated the block of f-channels of rabbit cardiac sino-atrial(More)
The "funny" (pacemaker) current has unusual characteristics, including activation on hyperpolarization, permeability to K(+) and Na(+), modulation by internal cAMP, and a tiny, single-channel conductance. In cardiac cells and neurons, pacemaker channels control repetitive activity and excitability. The recent cloning of HCN subunits provides new insight(More)
Cardiac pacemaking generation and modulation rely on the coordinated activity of several processes. Although a wealth of evidence indicates a relevant role of the I(f) ("funny," or pacemaker) current, whose molecular constituents are the hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels and particularly HCN4, work with mice where Hcn genes(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of ivabradine in the treatment of symptomatic inappropriate sinus tachycardia using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design. BACKGROUND Due to its I(f) blocking properties, ivabradine can selectively attenuate the high discharge rate from sinus node cells, causing inappropriate(More)
Human cDNA coding for the hyperpolarization-activated "pacemaker" channel HCN2 was expressed in Phoenix cells and yielded an inward current (IhHCN2) activated on hyperpolarization. The average IhHCN2 was half-activated at -83.1 mV and its kinetics could be described by second-order Hodgkin-Huxley gating. The time constant curve was bell-shaped and peaked at(More)
1. Single cells were isolated from the sinus node region of rabbits (2 days old to adult) to study the age-dependent contribution of the sodium current (iNa) to pacemaker activity. 2. Experiments were conducted in 50 mM Na(+)-Ca(2+)-free solution. All newborn cells (2-19 days) exhibited a TTX-sensitive, Mn(2+)-insensitive fast inward Na+ current (peak(More)