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We present the results of the first epidemiological study of ALS in Belgrade. The distribution of 58 newly discovered cases in a 7-year survey period (1985-1991) showed that the average annual age-adjusted incidence rate was 0.42 per 100,000 population (95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.83). The rate for males was 1.5 times higher than the rate for females.(More)
The aim of this case-control study was to assess the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) associated with certain lifestyle factors (cigarette smoking and coffee and alcohol consumption). The study groups consisted of 210 cases with clinically proven and/or laboratory-confirmed MS (Poser's criteria) and an identical number of sex- and age-matched(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha has been considered the prototypic cytopathogenic cytokine in multiple sclerosis (MS), but recently this cytokine has been shown to possess significant anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects in demyelinating diseases. It has been reported that the TNFalpha -308 polymorphism influences levels of TNFalpha production,(More)
The first population-based study in the central region of the Republic of Serbia (total population 283,103) was carried out to assess some epidemiological features of febrile convulsions among children of between 6 months and 5 years of age. During the 10-year period, 1986 to 1995, there were 570 cases of the first febrile convulsions (287 males and 283(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the distribution of multiple sclerosis in the Belgrade population. METHODS All persons who were affected and/or died from multiple sclerosis (Poser's criteria), with residence in the Belgrade region had been collected from January 1, 1985 to December 31, 1996. Prevalence was adjusted by direct method, using world population. (More)
The aim of this study was to estimate survival rates of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in the Belgrade population, Yugoslavia, and furthermore, to determine the prognostic value of some demographic and clinical variables for survival. The cumulative survival probability was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic value of different variables(More)
All children born in 1989 and 1990 in the district of Krusevac in Central Serbia (population 140,000) were followed to the end of 1995. The total number of children was 3,102. The cumulative incidence of febrile seizures was 25.1/1,000, that of single febrile seizures 3.9/1,000 and that of epilepsy (i.e. recurrent afebrile seizures) 6.5/1,000. The peak(More)
The aim of this case-control study was to analyze the role of childhood infections and vaccinations in patients with MS in the Belgrade population. The study group comprised 110 cases with definite MS according to Poser's criteria, in whom onset symptoms occurred up to 2 years prior to the interview. An equal number of controls, individually matched by sex,(More)
This is the first epidemiological study of myasthenia gravis (MG) in the area of Belgrade. During the survey period (1983 1992), 124 incidental cases of MG were observed, producing an average annual incidence rate of 7.1 per million population (women, 8.3; men, 5.8). Age and sex specific incidence rates for females demonstrated a bimodal pattern, with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate trends in mortality due to different stroke subtypes in the population of Belgrade during the period 1989-2003. PATIENTS AND METHODS Mortality data for stroke were compiled from material of the Municipal Institute of Statistics. Stroke mortality rates were standardized by world standard population. Linear regression coefficient in(More)