Mirjam Sprong

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BACKGROUND Mentalising impairment (an impaired ability to think about people in terms of their mental states) has frequently been associated with schizophrenia. AIMS To assess the magnitude of the deficit and analyse associated factors. METHOD Twenty-nine studies of mentalising in schizophrenia (combined n=1518), published between January 1993 and May(More)
BACKGROUND Future success of early intervention initiatives to prevent the onset of psychosis will rely on the validity of methods to predict clinical outcome. Proper identification is particularly essential for young adolescents, as psychotic-like symptoms are often transitory during this period and mislabeling can lead to early stigmatization and(More)
The association between the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) and psychiatric disorders, particularly psychosis, suggests a causal relationship between 22q11DS genes and abnormal brain function. The genes catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT) and proline dehydrogenase both reside within the commonly deleted region of 22q11.2. COMT activity and proline(More)
BACKGROUND Most studies aiming to predict transition to psychosis for individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) have focused on either neurocognitive or clinical variables and have made little effort to combine the two. Furthermore, most have focused on a dichotomous measure of transition to psychosis rather than a continuous measure of functional outcome. We(More)
BACKGROUND By studying behavior, cognitive abilities and brain functioning in adolescents at high risk for psychosis, we can gain an insight into the vulnerability markers or protective factors in the development of psychotic symptoms. Although many high-risk studies have focused on impairments in neurocognitive functions, such as memory and attention, very(More)
BACKGROUND The onset of psychosis is thought to be preceded by neurodevelopmental changes in the brain. However, the timing and nature of these changes have not been established. The aim of the present study was to determine whether three "classic" neurophysiological markers of schizophrenia are also characteristic of young adolescents (12-18 years) at(More)
BACKGROUND The comparison of high-risk populations with different developmental pathways to psychosis may lend more insight into the heterogeneity of the manifestation of the psychotic syndrome, and possible differing etiological pathways. AIM To compare high-risk traits and symptoms in two populations at risk for psychosis, i.e. (1) help-seeking(More)
BACKGROUND The peak in age of onset of psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia during puberty and early adulthood suggests a relationship between the expression of psychopathology and the changes in the brain and body that take place during this dynamic maturational period, including a dramatic increase in circulating oestrogens and androgens. This study(More)
OBJECTIVE The onset of psychosis is thought to be preceded by neurodevelopmental changes in the brain. However, the timing of these changes has not been established. We investigated structural brain changes in a sample of young adolescents (12-18 years) at ultra high-risk for psychosis (UHR). METHODS Structural MRI data from young UHR subjects (n=54) and(More)
Studies of individuals at ultra high risk (UHR) for psychosis have revealed deviations in cognitive and neural development before the onset of psychosis. As affective impairments are among the core dysfunctions in psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, this study assessed emotion processing and the relationship with social competence in adolescents at(More)
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