Mirjam H M Heemskerk

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Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) into patients with a relapse of their leukemia or multiple myeloma after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) has been shown to be a successful treatment approach. The hematopoiesis-restricted minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAgs) HA-1 or HA-2 expressed on malignant cells of the recipient may serve as target(More)
Donor-derived T lymphocytes directed against minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) exclusively expressed on cells of the hematopoietic lineages can eliminate hematologic malignancies. Transfer of T-cell receptors (TCRs) directed against these mHags into T lymphocytes may provide a strategy to generate antileukemic T cells. To investigate the feasibility(More)
Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes play an important role in the protection against viral infections, which they detect through the recognition of virus-derived peptides, presented in the context of MHC class I molecules at the surface of the infected cell. The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) plays an essential role in MHC class I-restricted(More)
Graft-versus-host disease and graft rejection are major complications of allogeneic HLA-mismatched stem cell transplantation or organ transplantation that are caused by alloreactive T cells. Because a range of acute viral infections have been linked to initiating these complications, we hypothesized that the cross-reactive potential of virus-specific memory(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that alloreactive memory T-cells may be generated as a result of viral infection. So far, a suitable tool to define the individual human leukocyte antigen (HLA) cross-reactivity of virus-specific memory T-cells is not available. We therefore aimed to develop a novel system for the detection of cross-reactive alloresponses(More)
Genetic engineering of T lymphocytes is an attractive strategy to specifically redirect T-cell immunity toward viral infections and malignancies. We previously demonstrated redirected antileukemic reactivity of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cells by transfer of minor histocompatibility antigen HA-2-specific T-cell receptors (TCRs). HA-2-TCR-transferred(More)
The use of fluorescently labeled major histocompatibility complex multimers has become an essential technique for analyzing disease- and therapy-induced T-cell immunity. Whereas classical major histocompatibility complex multimer analyses are well-suited for the detection of immune responses to a few epitopes, limitations on human-subject sample size(More)
Recent studies have identified several populations of progenitor cells in the human thymus. The hematopoietic precursor activity of these populations has been determined. The most primitive human thymocytes express high levels of CD34 and lack CD1a. These cells acquire CD1a and differentiate into CD4(+)CD8(+) through CD3(-)CD4(+)CD8(-) and CD3(-)CD4(+)(More)
T cell receptor (TCR) gene transfer is a convenient method to produce antigen-specific T cells for adoptive therapy. However, the expression of two TCR in T cells could impair their function or cause unwanted effects by mixed TCR heterodimers. With five different TCR and four different T cells, either mouse or human, we show that some TCR are strong--in(More)
Minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) play an important role in both graft-versus-tumor effects and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. We applied biochemical techniques and mass spectrometry to identify the peptide recognized by a dominant tumor-reactive donor T-cell reactivity isolated from a patient with(More)