Miriam Troncoso

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Salmonella enterica and Campylobacter jejuni are amongst the more prevalent bacterial pathogens that cause foodborne diseases. These microorganisms are common contaminants of poultry and poultry products. This study was aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of metallic copper surfaces on these important enteropathogens, and to determine the potential(More)
BACKGROUND The cytotoxin associated gene A (cagA), and the vacuolating cytotoxin gene A (vacA) of Helicobacter pylori have been associated to phenotypic characteristics of virulence. The objectives of this study were to detect the presence of cagA and to characterize the allelic variants of vacA in 63 strains of H. pylori isolated from colonized individuals(More)
Thermotolerant Campylobacter is among the more prevalent bacterial pathogens that cause foodborne diseases. This study aimed at evaluating the occurrence of thermotolerant Campylobacter contamination in chicken carcasses and processing plant stations (chilling water, scalding water, defeathering machinery, evisceration machine, and transport crates) in two(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of antibodies to Helicobacter pylori CagA and VacA proteins and correlate this prevalence with gastric diseases in colonised Chileans. The study was performed in 418 adults colonised with H. pylori: 316 with gastroduodenal pathology (152 duodenal ulcer, 14 gastric cancer and 150 gastritis patients)(More)
A prospective study of Campylobacter jejuni infection was performed during a 6-month period in a cohort of 198 Chilean infants. Surveillance was based on biweekly home visits by a team of trained nurses. C. jejuni colonization was studied by culturing stool samples from diarrheal episodes and paired asymptomatic controls and by performing an enzyme-linked(More)
This article summarizes studies designed to evaluate the role of Helicobacter pylori infection in Chile, described in 21 reports from nine centers in various Chilean regions published between 1985 and 1995. According to their data, H. pylori infection is quite frequent among patients with a variety of gastric conditions, including adults (43%-92%) and(More)
BACKGROUND One of the most common pathogens causing alimentary toxi-infections is Staphylococcus aureus (S aureus). The presence of S aureus in food, indicates flaws during food manipulations. For this reason most sanitary norms require the detection of S aureus carriers. AIM To determine the carriage rate of enterotoxin producing S aureus strains in food(More)
Apple peel extracts and their fractions pooled according to their molecular size were prepared and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against Helicobacter pylori and Jack bean ureases. Urease Inhibitory effect of apple peel polyphenols (APPE) extracted from the Granny Smith variety was concentration-dependent and reversible. High molecular weight(More)
Analysis of stool samples from 912 cases of diarrhea among Chilean infants and 1,112 controls resulted in the isolation of 17 enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) strains from diarrhea cases (1.9%) and 3 EIEC from the asymptomatic controls (0.3%). Biochemical analysis of the 20 isolates showed variability among them. However, the majority were lysine(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied prospectively in a single-blind controlled manner the efficacy of 4-wk triple-antibiotic therapy, with amoxicillin (500 mg p.o., t.i.d.), metronidazole (250 mg p.o., t.i.d.), and bismuth subsalicylate tablets (524 mg p.o., q.i.d.), plus omeprazole (20 mg p.o., q.d.) and compared it with omeprazole (id) in the treatment of duodenal(More)