Miriam Shanks

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Regional left ventricular (LV) myocardial functional changes in early diabetic cardiomyopathy have not been well documented. LV multidirectional strain and strain rate analyses by 2-dimensional speckle tracking were used to detect subtle myocardial dysfunction in 47 asymptomatic, male patients (age 57 +/- 6 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The results(More)
BACKGROUND quantification of mitral regurgitation severity with 2-dimensional (2D) imaging techniques remains challenging. The present study compared the accuracy of 2D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and 3-dimensional (3D) TEE for quantification of mitral regurgitation, using MRI as the reference method. METHODS AND RESULTS two-dimensional and 3D(More)
BACKGROUND 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) may provide more accurate aortic annular and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) dimensions and geometries compared with 2D TEE. We assessed agreements between 2D and 3D TEE measurements with multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and changes in annular/LVOT areas and geometries after transcatheter(More)
BACKGROUND Fabry cardiomyopathy is characterized by progressive left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) associated with diastolic dysfunction and is the most common cause of death in Fabry disease (FD). However, LVH is not present in all subjects, particularly early in disease progression and in female patients. Direct assessment of myocardial deformation by(More)
BACKGROUND Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked disorder of lysosomal metabolism affecting multiple organs with cardiac disease being the leading cause of death. Current imaging evaluations of the heart are suboptimal. The goals of the current study are to evaluate the potential of quantitative T₁ mapping with cardiovascular MRI as a disease-specific imaging(More)
Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by the inappropriate accumulation of globotriaosylceramide in tissues due to a deficiency in the enzyme α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A). Anderson-Fabry cardiomyopathy is characterized by structural, valvular, vascular and conduction abnormalities, and is now the most common cause of mortality in(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine the changes in diastolic dyssynchrony with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). BACKGROUND Little is known about the effect of CRT on diastolic dyssynchrony. METHODS Consecutive heart failure patients (n = 266, age 65.7 ± 10.0 years) underwent color-coded tissue Doppler imaging at baseline, 48 h, and 6 months(More)
A patient with a two-year history of worsening asthma presented with chest pain and shortness of breath. She developed cardiogenic shock. Analysis of blood chemistry detected increased troponin I concentration. Her electrocardiographic changes were consistent with a diagnosis of anteroseptal myocardial infarction. However, angiography showed normal coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate aortic root measurements and evaluation of spatial relationships with coronary ostia are crucial in preoperative transcatheter aortic valve implantation assessments. Standardization of measurements may increase intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility to promote procedural success rate and reduce the frequency of procedurally(More)
Current evidence based on more than 8000 high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis has demonstrated that transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a feasible alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement in selected patients. Despite current promising results on hemodynamic and clinical improvements, there are several unresolved safety(More)