Miriam Schocken

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This study examined the sexual practices and function of midlife women by ethnicity (African American, Caucasian, Chinese, Hispanic, Japanese) and menopausal status. Sexual behavior was compared in 3,262 women in the baseline cohort of SWAN. Participants were 42 to 52 years old, premenopausal or early perimenopausal, and not hysterectomized or using(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) during the menopausal transition, controlling for chronological aging, symptoms, and other covariates. METHODS This was a prospective, longitudinal study of women aged 42 to 52 years at baseline recruited at seven US sites (N = 3,302) in the multiethnic Study(More)
BACKGROUND Hysterectomy for a benign condition is common, particularly in the underserved. The objective was to determine if ethnic differences could be explained by known risk factors. METHODS A phone survey was conducted at random on 15,160 women, ages 40-55, from seven US cities. Subjects were 49.9% Caucasian, 28.1% African American, 12.3% Hispanic,(More)
OBJECTIVE Our study evaluates the symptoms commonly attributed to adenomyosis in women undergoing the menopausal transition. We hypothesized that adenomyosis is more commonly seen in women with fibroids, pelvic pain, abnormal uterine bleeding, and in the presence of endometriosis. DESIGN Retrospective cohort. SETTING Multisite community-based study. (More)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) confers many health benefits to post-menopausal women. Despite links between estrogen and immune function prior to menopause, the immune status of women receiving HRT has not been rigorously investigated. This case-control study uses clinical laboratory assessment, flow cytometry, and functional assays to measure immune(More)
The dynamics of reproductive hormones that characterize the menopausal transition (perimenopause) are incompletely understood, particularly in non-Caucasian women. The Study of Women's Health across the Nation (SWAN) is a multiethnic cohort study of 3302 women at seven sites who were aged 42-52 yr at baseline. All participants are seen annually to assess a(More)
OBJECTIVE To use food frequency questionnaires to summarize the macro- and micronutrient intakes of women of diverse ethnicity in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. DESIGN The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation is a multisite, multiethnic, community-based, longitudinal study of midlife women at seven geographic locations in the USA. The(More)
To further our understanding of the relation between mood and menopause, the authors examined 1) the association between persistent mood symptoms and menopausal status and 2) factors that increase a woman's vulnerability to an overall dysphoric mood during the early perimenopausal period. The sample consisted of an ethnically diverse community cohort of(More)
BACKGROUND Relatively little is known about the association between menopause and health-related quality of life (HRQL) across ethnic groups. OBJECTIVES To examine the association between HRQL and early perimenopause and ethnicity, adjusting for health, lifestyle, psychosocial, and sociodemographic factors. RESEARCH DESIGN Questionnaires were(More)
The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) is a multiethnic cohort study of middle-aged women enrolled at seven US sites. A subset of 848 women completed a substudy in which their urinary gonadotropins and sex steroid metabolites were assessed during one complete menstrual cycle or up to 50 consecutive days. Urine was analyzed for LH, FSH, estrone(More)