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HYPOTHESIS Optimum stimulus parameters for tone burst-evoked myogenic responses can be defined. These optimized responses will be similar to those evoked by clicks in the same subjects. BACKGROUND Loud tones give rise to myogenic responses in the anterior neck muscles, similar to click-evoked potentials, and are likely to be saccular in origin. METHODS(More)
Since the first description of sound-evoked short-latency myogenic reflexes recorded from neck muscles, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) have become an important part of the neuro-otological test battery. VEMPs provide a means of assessing otolith function: stimulation of the vestibular system with air-conducted sound activates predominantly(More)
OBJECTIVES To define normal values and examine the influence of ageing on vestibulocollic reflexes (VCR). METHODS Vestibulocollic responses to 100 dB (normal hearing level; NHL) clicks, forehead taps and galvanic stimulation were measured in 70 healthy adults aged 25-85 years. RESULTS Click- and galvanic-evoked responses were present bilaterally in all(More)
A recent technique of assessing vestibular function, the vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP), is an otolith-mediated, short-latency reflex recorded from averaged sternocleidomastoid electromyography in response to intense auditory clicks delivered via headphones. Since their first description 10 years ago, VEMPs are now being used by investigators(More)
Vestibulospinal and vestibulocollic reflexes evoked by galvanic stimulation were studied in 20 normal volunteers. In an initial "baseline" study, subjects stood unsupported on a flat surface and a narrow base with their eyes shut and with their heads rotated to the left. The effects of vision, external support and increasing stance width were examined both(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of the superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) relies on symptoms such as sound- or pressure-induced vertigo or oscillopsia, demonstration of sound or pressure-evoked vertical/torsional eye movements, and the presence of a defect in the bony roof overlying the superior semicircular canal. Lowered thresholds for eliciting(More)
The vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) is a short-latency potential evoked through activation of vestibular receptors using sound or vibration. It is generated by modulated electromyographic signals either from the sternocleidomastoid muscle for the cervical VEMP (cVEMP) or the inferior oblique muscle for the ocular VEMP (oVEMP). These reflexes(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the influence of ageing on electromyographic (EMG) responses to galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) in the lower limbs and to define normal values. METHODS EMG responses to 4 mA/20 ms transmastoid binaural GVS were recorded from the soleus muscles of 70 healthy adults aged 24-85 years. Short (SL) and medium latency (ML)(More)
Cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs and oVEMPs) to air-conducted tone bursts (250-2000 Hz) were recorded in 14 patients with superior canal dehiscence (SCD) and 32 healthy controls. For cVEMPs, the most common 'optimal frequency' in control ears (48.2%) was 500 Hz; for oVEMPs, it was 1000 Hz (51.8%). We found a significant(More)
Direction changing horizontal positional nystagmus can be observed in a variety of central and peripheral vestibular disorders. We tested sixty subjects with horizontal positional nystagmus and vertigo on the Epley Omniax(®) rotator. Monocular video recordings were performed with the right or left ear down, in the supine and prone positions. Nystagmus(More)