Miriam S. Hasson

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We have discovered a superfamily of enzymes related by their ability to catalyze the abstraction of the alpha-proton of a carboxylic acid to form an enolic intermediate. Although each reaction catalyzed by these enzymes is initiated by this common step, their overall reactions (including racemization, beta-elimination of water, beta-elimination of ammonia,(More)
Acetate kinase, an enzyme widely distributed in the Bacteria and Archaea domains, catalyzes the phosphorylation of acetate. We have determined the three-dimensional structure of Methanosarcina thermophila acetate kinase bound to ADP through crystallography. As we previously predicted, acetate kinase contains a core fold that is topologically identical to(More)
The unique biochemical properties of acetate kinase present a classic conundrum in the study of the mechanism of enzyme-catalyzed phosphoryl transfer. Large, single crystals of acetate kinase from Methanosarcina thermophila were grown from a solution of ammonium sulfate in the presence of ATP. The crystals diffract to beyond 1.7 A resolution. Analysis of(More)
Mandelate racemase and muconate lactonizing enzyme are structurally homologous but catalyze different reactions, each initiated by proton abstraction from carbon. The structural similarity to mandelate racemase of a previously unidentified gene product was used to deduce its function as a galactonate dehydratase. In this enzyme superfamily that has evolved(More)
The Escherichia coli Ppx protein is an exopolyphosphatase that degrades long-chain polyphosphates in a highly processive reaction. It also hydrolyzes the terminal 5' phosphate of the modified nucleotide guanosine 5' triphosphate 3' diphosphate (pppGpp). The structure of Ppx has been determined to 1.9 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. The(More)
OBJECTIVES The Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) classification is a simple clinical scheme for subdividing first ever acute stroke. Several small studies have shown that when an infarct is visible on CT or MRI, the classification predicts its site in about three quarters of patients. The aim was to further investigate this relation in a much(More)
The crystal structure of the thiamin diphosphate (ThDP)-dependent enzyme benzoylformate decarboxylase (BFD), the third enzyme in the mandelate pathway of Pseudomonas putida, has been solved by multiple isomorphous replacement at 1.6 A resolution and refined to an R-factor of 15.0% (free R = 18.6%). The structure of BFD has been compared to that of other(More)
A new large-scale purification method for benzoylformate decarboxylase from Pseudomonas putida has allowed us to undertake an X-ray crystallographic study of the enzyme. The previously observed instability of the enzyme was overcome by addition of 100 microM thiamine pyrophosphate to buffers used in the purification. The final enzyme preparation was more(More)
Muconate lactonizing enzyme (MLE), a component of the beta-ketoadipate pathway of Pseudomonas putida, is a member of a family of related enzymes (the "enolase superfamily") that catalyze the abstraction of the alpha-proton of a carboxylic acid in the context of different overall reactions. New untwinned crystal forms of MLE were obtained, one of which(More)
Benzoylformate decarboxylase is a member of the family of enzymes that are dependent on the cofactor thiamin diphosphate. A structure of this enzyme binding (R)-mandelate, a competitive inhibitor, suggests that at least two hydrogen bonds are formed between the substrate, benzoylformate, and active site side chains. The first is between the carboxylate(More)