Miriam Nickel

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The present study examined the acquisition of lever pressing in rats under three procedures in which food delivery was delayed by 4, 8, and 16 seconds relative to the response. Under the nonresetting delay procedure, food followed the response selected for reinforcement after a specified interval elapsed; responses during this interval had no programmed(More)
To investigate whether intermittent fasting alters subsequent utilization of ingested energy, we compared, in six groups of 450-g male Wistar rats, two modalities of food delivery: constant (CO) vs fasting for 3 days and refeeding for 7 days (F/RF). Both modalities were investigated at three planes of nutrition (100, 60 and 40 percent of ad libitum). The(More)
Atherosclerosis was studied in apolipoprotein E (apoE) knockout mice expressing human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) or an apoA-I/apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) chimera in which the Arg123-Tyr166 central domain of apoA-I was substituted with the Ser12-Ala75 segment of apoA-II. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were identical in apoA-I and(More)
Release of lactate was studied during in vitro incubations with isolated fat cells. Lactate release increased (approximately 3-fold) with increasing medium glucose concentration (from 3 to 12 mM) in both large and small fat cells. Large fat cells from older, fatter rats, however, released 3-4 times more lactate per cell than small fat cells from young rats(More)
We studied lipoprotein activity in white adipose tissue of male rats during a 3-day fast and up to 21 days of refeeding. Changes in LPL were considered in relation to concomitant changes in fat cell size. During fasting fat cell size decreased and LPL activity declined markedly (80%). With ad libitum refeeding LPL activity returned to control values by 3 or(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to ascertain frequency of mutations in POLR3A or POLR3B, which are associated with 4H leukodystrophy, in a cohort of patients with unclassified hypomyelination. METHODS AND RESULTS In a cohort of 22 patients with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis of unclassified hypomyelination and without typical clinical signs, we(More)
Nine feral pigeons, 5 from an urban setting and 4 from a rural setting, were captured and maintained for 42 days under free-feeding conditions comparable to those arranged for laboratory subjects. On average, birds increased their body weights by 17% over this period. The range of increase across birds was 9 to 30%. These findings suggest that the food(More)
We studied the effects of a 3-day fast and 20 days of refeeding on lipoprotein lipase activity (LPL) in the interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) of sexually mature male rats. Rats were refed either ad libitum or restricted quantities (75 or 50% of normal ad libitum food intake). BAT-LPL, expressed on a per depot basis, decreased with fasting and(More)
We studied changes in energy utilization in mature female rats exposed to varying degrees of food restriction. Food-restricted rats showed considerable energy conservation, exhibited primarily as a reduction in the energy required for daily maintenance. When a given body weight loss was produced by starvation (3 or 6 d), changes in body composition and(More)
Therapeutic trials for Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation have aimed at a reduction of cerebral iron content. A 13-year-old girl with mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration treated with an iron-chelating agent was monitored by R2 relaxometry, R2* relaxometry, and quantitative susceptibility mapping to estimate the brain iron(More)