Miriam Nagel

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The movement of the dorsal mesoderm across the blastocoel roof of the Xenopus gastrula is examined. We show that different parts of the mesoderm which can be distinguished by their morphogenetic behavior in the embryo are all able to migrate independently on the inner surface of the blastocoel roof. The direction of mesoderm cell migration is determined by(More)
Recent studies have shown that plasma thrombopoietin (TPO) levels appear to be directly regulated by platelet mass and that removal of plasma TPO by platelets via binding to the c-Mpl receptor is involved in the clearance of TPO in rodents. To help elucidate the role of platelets in the clearance of TPO in humans, we studied the in vitro specific binding of(More)
During Xenopus gastrulation, the mesoderm involutes at the blastopore lip and moves on the inner surface of the BCR toward the animal pole of the embryo. Active cell migration is involved in this mesoderm translocation. In vitro, mesoderm cells migrate non-persistently and intermittently by extending and retracting multiple lamellipodia, which pull the cell(More)
In the Xenopus gastrula, the mesoderm moves as a coherent cell aggregate across the blastocoel roof toward the animal pole. We show that the cohesion of the mesoderm is not only mechanically necessary, but that aggregate formation has profound effects on the migratory behavior of mesoderm cells. Whereas isolated mesoderm cells are bi- or multipolar, move(More)
A further polymorphic rat esterase with broad tissue expression and restricted substrate specificity is described and tentatively called Es-6. Inbred rat strains have either fixed allele Es-6F or fixed allele Es-6S. Es-6 is not linked to the established esterase cluster consisting of the eight esterase loci Es-1, Es-2, Es-3M, Es-4M, Es-4W, Es-5 (=Es-3W),(More)
A genetic locus controlling the electrophoretic mobility of an acid phosphatase in the rat (Rattus norvegicus) is described. The locus, designed Acp-2, is not expressed in erythrocytes but is expressed in all other tissues studied. The product of Acp-2 hydrolyzes a wide variety of phosphate monoesters and is inhibited by l(+)-tartaric acid. Inbred rat(More)
The fibronectin fibril matrix on the blastocoel roof of the Xenopus gastrula contains guidance cues that determine the direction of mesoderm cell migration. The underlying guidance-related polarity of the blastocoel roof is established in the late blastula under the influence of an instructive signal from the vegetal half of the embryo, in particular from(More)
Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) including the well-studied IbpA protein from Escherichia coli are molecular chaperones that bind to non-native proteins and prevent them from aggregation. We discovered an entirely unexplored tricistronic small heat shock gene cluster in Pseudomonas putida. The genes pp3314, pp3313 and pp3312 (renamed to hspX, hspY and hspZ(More)
The bacterial small heat shock protein IbpA protects client proteins from aggregation. Due to redundancy in the cellular chaperone network, deletion of the ibpA gene often leads to only a mild or no phenotypic defect. In this study, we show that a Pseudomonas putida ibpA deletion mutant has a severe growth defect under heat stress conditions and reduced(More)
The use of libraries of phage-displayed human single-chain antibody fragments (scFv) has become a new, powerful tool in rapidly obtaining therapeutically useful antibodies. Here, we describe the generation of human scFv and F(ab')2 directed against the gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) domain of coagulation factor IX. A large library of human scFv, displayed(More)
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