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BACKGROUND Since 1989 large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) has become the treatment of choice for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in many colposcopy clinics. This method has limitations however, in that the resection margins of the cone produced by LLETZ cannot give conclusive histological reassurance, because of thermal injury in 5 30%(More)
Detection of E6/E7 mRNA expression with real-time nucleic acid sequence-based amplification assay (NASBA) method (PreTect HPV-Proofer) from high-risk types of human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV) were compared with the presence of viral load, determined with quantitative real-time PCR in 80 cervical samples. Results regarding positivity and typing were in(More)
The endometrium goes through a unique cycle of physiological angiogenesis during the normal menstrual cycle (MC). We studied whether there is a correlation between endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and plasma and endometrial levels of angiogenic growth factors during the MC. Ten healthy, regularly menstruating women provided blood samples and another 16(More)
Common variants in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B (HNF1B) gene are associated with the risk of Type II diabetes and multiple cancers. Evidence to date indicates that cancer risk may be mediated via genetic or epigenetic effects on HNF1B gene expression. We previously found single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the HNF1B locus to be(More)
BACKGROUND Of the estimated one million Papanicolaou (pap) smears performed annually in Sweden, about 4% show any degree of abnormality. Approximately, 1% of these cases contain moderate or severe atypia (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions) and the rest contain low-grade atypia. Recommendations for the management of minor abnormalities vary in(More)
OBJECTIVE Estimates of cancer risk and the effects of surveillance in Lynch syndrome have been subject to bias, partly through reliance on retrospective studies. We sought to establish more robust estimates in patients undergoing prospective cancer surveillance. DESIGN We undertook a multicentre study of patients carrying Lynch syndrome-associated(More)
Candidate gene studies have reported CYP19A1 variants to be associated with endometrial cancer and with estradiol (E2) concentrations. We analyzed 2937 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 6608 endometrial cancer cases and 37 925 controls and report the first genome wide-significant association between endometrial cancer and a CYP19A1 SNP (rs727479 in(More)
OBJECTIVE Women with Lynch syndrome (LS) have up to a 60% lifetime risk of endometrial cancer (EC) and up to a 24% risk of ovarian cancer (OC). Gynecological surveillance is recommended, but the benefit and how it should be performed remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess diagnostic modalities for gynecological screening of LS patients in(More)
We conducted a meta-analysis of three endometrial cancer genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and two follow-up phases totaling 7,737 endometrial cancer cases and 37,144 controls of European ancestry. Genome-wide imputation and meta-analysis identified five new risk loci of genome-wide significance at likely regulatory regions on chromosomes 13q22.1(More)
BACKGROUND The endometrium is a dynamic, cyclically regenerating tissue: a unique model of physiological angiogenesis in adults. However, the source of new endothelial cells (ECs) for vessel regrowth is obscure. We studied if male EC could be detected in the endometrial blood vessels of female human or mouse recipients of haematological stem cells from male(More)