Miriam Marquis

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IL-21 is a Type I cytokine, which uses the common gamma chain (gamma(c)) in its receptor. As members of the gamma(c) cytokine/cytokine receptors family play crucial role in the differentiation, activation, and survival of lymphocytes, we have investigated if IL-21 could promote T cell survival and thus, contribute to T cell homeostasis and expansion. Unlike(More)
The ability of IL-21 to promote in vitro T cell survival led us to investigate its biological activity in vivo. We report that overexpression of IL-21 in transgenic mice drives CD8(+) memory T cell accumulation with a concomitant reduction in naive T cell numbers. These memory T cells are functional, given their ability to rapidly produce IFN-gamma and(More)
The classical mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) ERK1 and ERK2 are activated upon stimulation of cells with a broad range of extracellular signals (including antigens) allowing cellular responses to occur. ERK3 is an atypical member of the MAPK family with highest homology to ERK1/2. Therefore, we evaluated the role of ERK3 in mature T cell response.(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the relative propensities of oritavancin and vancomycin to induce Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in hamster and in vitro human gut models. METHODS Hamsters received clindamycin (100 mg/kg orally or subcutaneously), oritavancin (50 mg/kg orally) or vancomycin (50 mg/kg orally). C. difficile spores were administered orally the(More)
Candida albicans causes oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) but rarely disseminates to deep organs in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Here, we used a model of OPC in CD4C/HIV(Mut) transgenic (Tg) mice to investigate the role of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and CD8+ T cells in limiting candidiasis to the mucosa. Numbers of circulating PMNs(More)
The impairments of protective mucosal immunity which cause susceptibility to oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) in HIV infection remain undefined. This study used a model of OPC in CD4C/HIV MutA transgenic (Tg) mice expressing Rev, Env, and Nef of HIV-1 to investigate the role of transgene expressing dendritic cells (DCs) and CD4+ T cells in maintenance of(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 3 (ERK3 )is an atypical member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family. We have previously shown that ERK3 is expressed during thymocyte differentiation and that its expression is induced in mature peripheral T cells following activation of ERK1/2 by T-cell receptor (TCR) signalling. Herein, we have(More)
We previously reported that CD4C/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)(Nef) transgenic (Tg) mice, expressing Nef in CD4(+) T cells and cells of the macrophage/dendritic cell (DC) lineage, develop a severe AIDS-like disease, characterized by depletion of CD4(+) T cells, as well as lung, heart, and kidney diseases. In order to determine the contribution of(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 3 (ERK3) is an atypical member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family whose function is largely unknown. Given the central role of MAPKs in T cell development, we hypothesized that ERK3 may regulate thymocyte development. Here we have shown that ERK3 deficiency leads to a 50% reduction in CD4(+) CD8(+)(More)
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