Miriam Kastner

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New seismic, heat flow, sediment and pore fluid geochemistry data from the east flank of Alarcon Ridge, at the mouth of the Gulf of California, provide evidence for vigorous hydrothermal circulation within young oceanic crust formed at a moderate-rate spreading center. Data and samples were collected 9^20 km from the ridge axis to assess the hydrologic(More)
Results of detailed mineralogical, chemical, and oxygen isotope analyses of the clay minerals and zeolites from two Cretaceous-Tertiary (K/T) boundary regions, Stevns Klint, Denmark, and Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) Hole 465A in the north central Pacific Ocean, are presented. In the central part of the Stevns Klint K/T boundary layer, the only clay(More)
Hydrothermal vents jetting out water at 380 degrees +/- 30 degrees C have been discovered on the axis of the East Pacific Rise. The hottest waters issue from mineralized chimneys and are blackened by sulfide precipitates. These hydrothermal springs are the sites of actively forming massive sulfide mineral deposits. Cooler springs are clear to milky and(More)
The exogenic sulfur cycle is tightly coupled with the carbon and oxygen cycles, and therefore a central component of Earth's biogeochemistry. Here we present a high-resolution record of the sulfur isotopic composition of seawater sulfate for the Cretaceous. The general enrichment of isotopically light sulfur that prevailed during the Cretaceous may have(More)
The thermal structure of the western Nankai subduction zone has been studied through surface heat flow measurements with conventional geothermal probes and estimation of heat flow from depths of gas hydrate bottom simulating reflectors. Temperature and thermal conductivity measurements at ODP Site 808, located at the toe of the Nankai accretionary prism,(More)
Detailed near-bottom investigation of a series of giant, kilometer scale, elongate pockmarks along the edge of the mid-Atlantic continental shelf confirms that methane is actively venting at the site. Dissolved methane concentrations, which were measured with a commercially available methane sensor (METS) designed by Franatech GmbH mounted on an Autonomous(More)
During Deep Sea Drilling Project-International Program of Ocean Drilling leg 64, December 1978 to January 1979, the initial test of the Deep Sea Drilling Project's hydraulic piston corer obtained an almost undisturbed section from a 152-meter hole into the sediments of the oxygen minimum zone at a depth of 655 meters along the Guaymas slope in the central(More)
Natural gas hydrates occur on most continental margins in organic-rich sediments at water depths >450 m (in polar regions >150 m). Gas hydrate distribution and abundance, however, varies significantly from margin to margin and with tectonic environment. The National Gas Hydrate Program (NGHP) Expedition 01 cored 10 sites in the Krishna-Godawari (K-G) basin,(More)