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BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure (CHF) patients can experience significant breathlessness despite maximum medication for their heart failure. Morphine has long been used to relieve symptoms in acute failure, but there is little evidence about this potentially useful palliative therapy in CHF. AIMS To determine the efficacy of morphine for the relief of(More)
The metabolic fate and pharmacokinetics of clarithromycin following a single 250- or 1200-mg oral dose of 14C-clarithromycin were studied in six healthy adult males. Peak plasma levels of clarithromycin averaged 0.6 microgram/ml after the low dose and 2.7 micrograms/ml after the high dose. The AUC of clarithromycin increased 13-fold, with the 4.8-fold(More)
The prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients has been estimated as up to 15% antemortem, and higher (over 50% in pancreatic tumours) postmortem owing to the asymptomatic nature of many episodes of VTE. We investigated the prevalence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in a population of 298 hospice inpatients with advanced cancer. They were(More)
Speech requires the control of complex movements of orofacial structures to produce dynamic variations in the vocal tract transfer function. The nature of the underlying motor control processes has traditionally been investigated by employing measures of articulatory movements, including movement amplitude, velocity, and duration, at selected points in(More)
CONTEXT Somatostatin analogues are commonly used to relieve symptoms in malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) but are more expensive than other antisecretory agents. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the evidence of effectiveness of somatostatin analogues compared with placebo and/or other pharmacologic agents in relieving vomiting in patients with inoperable MBO. (More)
Dyspnoea is a common, distressing symptom and difficult to control with medical treatment. The role of oxygen in reducing the severity of the symptoms and improving quality of life is still unclear. A working party of the Association of Palliative Medicine Science Committee set out to examine the evidence concerning the use of oxygen for the palliation of(More)
Venous thromboembolism is common in patients with cancer. However, no management guidelines exist for venous thromboembolism specific to patients with advanced progressive cancer. To help develop recommendations for practice, we have done a comprehensive review of anticoagulation treatment in patients with cancer, with particular focus on studies that(More)
Chronic refractory breathlessness is common and distressing in advanced disease. Despite level I evidence to support the use of opioids for this symptom, not all patients benefit. This study aimed to discover which patient characteristics predict those most likely to gain improvement in breathlessness. This is an international, multicentre, retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer patients are at risk of developing blood clots in their veins - venous thromboembolism (VTE) - which often takes the form of a pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis. The risk increases with advanced disease. Evidence based treatment is low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) by daily subcutaneous injection. The aim of this research is to(More)