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HP1 family proteins are adaptor molecules, containing two related chromo domains that are required for chromatin packaging and gene silencing. Here we present the structure of the chromo shadow domain from mouse HP1beta bound to a peptide containing a consensus PXVXL motif found in many HP1 binding partners. The shadow domain exhibits a novel mode of(More)
The objective of this work is to obtain a water model for simulations of biological macromolecules in solution. A pragmatic approach is taken in which we use the same type of force field for the water as used for the solute and derive the water potential as an integral part of the ENCAD macromolecular potential. 1,2 Here we describe a flexible(More)
L We present the complete set of energy parameters used in the ENCAD (Energy Calculation and Dynamics) simulation program [J. Mol. Biol. 168 (1983) 5951. Full details are given of the form of the potential, which has been designed for efficient simulation of trajectories of macromolecules in solution. Emphasis is placed on energy conservation and the(More)
The heat shock protein Hsp90 plays a key, but poorly understood role in the folding, assembly and activation of a large number of signal transduction molecules, in particular kinases and steroid hormone receptors. In carrying out these functions Hsp90 hydrolyses ATP as it cycles between ADP- and ATP-bound forms, and this ATPase activity is regulated by the(More)
The importance of amino acid side-chains in helix stability has been investigated by making a series of mutations at the N-caps, C-caps and internal positions of the solvent-exposed faces of the two alpha-helices of barnase. There is a strong positional and context dependence of the effect of a particular amino acid on stability. Correlations have been(More)
The Protein Data Bank in Europe (PDBe; pdbe.org) is actively involved in managing the international archive of biomacromolecular structure data as one of the partners in the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB; wwpdb.org). PDBe also develops new tools to make structural data more widely and more easily available to the biomedical community. PDBe has(More)
The crystal structure of human rac1, a member of the rho family of small G-proteins, complexed with the non-hydrolysable GTP analogue, guanosine-5'-(beta gamma-imino)triphosphate (GMPPNP), has been determined by X-ray analysis at a resolution of 1.38 A. Comparison with the structure of H-ras indicates that rac1 has an extra alpha-helical domain that is(More)
Staphylococcus aureus can cause disease through the production of toxins. Toxin production is autoinduced by the protein RNAIII-activating protein (RAP) and by the autoinducing peptide (AIP), and is inhibited by RNAIII-inhibiting peptide (RIP) and by inhibitory AIPs. RAP has been shown to be a useful vaccine target site, and RIP and inhibitory AIPs as(More)
Activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase is the consequence of the assembly of membranal cytochrome b559 with the cytosolic components p47phox, p67phox, and the GTPase Rac and is mimicked by a cell-free system comprising these components and an activator. We designed a variant of this system, consisting of membranes, p67phox) prenylated Rac1-GDP, and the(More)
Crystal structures are presented for the A197C mutant of Escherichia coli phosphate binding protein (PBP) and the same mutant labeled at Cys197 with N-[2-(1-maleimidyl)ethyl]-7-(diethylamino)coumarin-3-carboxamide (MDCC). Both proteins are complexed with inorganic phosphate. The latter molecule, MDCC-PBP, exhibits a large increase in fluorescence on binding(More)