Miriam Helena Fonseca-Alaniz

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OBJECTIVE To describe the advances in research into the physiological role of white adipose tissue, with emphasis on its endocrinal role in inflammatory processes, feeding behavior, insulin sensitization and modulation of the atherogenetic process. To deal with the potential role of adipose tissue as a source of stem cells for regeneration of tissues, with(More)
The use of experimental models of diabetes mellitus (DM) has been useful in understanding the complex pathogenesis of DM. Streptozotocin (STZ) injected in rats during the neonatal period has usually led to the major features described in diabetic patients (hyperglycemia, polyphagia, polydipsia, polyuria, and abnormal glucose tolerance) in a short period.(More)
OBJECTIVE Salt restriction has been reported to increase white adipose tissue (WAT) mass in rodents. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of different sodium content diets on the lipogenic and lipolytic activities of WAT. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Male Wistar rats were fed on normal-sodium (NS; 0.5% Na(+)), high-sodium (HS;(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that leucine supplementation (LS) has a therapeutic potential to prevent obesity and to promote glucose homeostasis. Furthermore, regular physical exercise is a widely accepted strategy for body weight maintenance and also for the prevention of obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of chronic LS alone or(More)
In this article, we discuss inflammation associated with adipose tissue dysfunction as a potential link with obesity-related insulin resistance, and how obesity-related inflammatory components, such as immune cells, cytokines/chemokines and adipocytokines, induce obesity-related pathologies.
OBJECTIVE Increased myocardial glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity occurs in heart failure. This study compared G6PD activity in 2 protocols of right ventricle (RV) systolic overload in young goats. METHODS Twenty-seven goats were separated into 3 groups: sham (no overload), continuous (continuous systolic overload), and intermittent (four(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effect of different sodium content diets on rat adipose tissue carbohydrate metabolism and insulin sensitivity. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Male Wistar rats were fed on normal- (0.5% Na(+); NS), high- (3.12% Na(+); HS),or low-sodium (0.06% Na(+); LS) diets for 3, 6, and 9 weeks after weaning. Blood pressure (BP) was(More)
The purpose of the current study was to test the hypothesis that the dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) inhibitor sitagliptin, which exerts anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypertensive effects, upregulates GLUT4 translocation, protein levels, and/or mRNA expression in heart and skeletal muscle of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Ten days of treatment with(More)
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of two weeks of physical detraining (PD) on energy balance components, white adipose tissue (WAT) metabolism, body weight (BW) and adiposity. Male C57BL/6J mice were assigned into groups sedentary (S, n = 20) and trained (T, n = 18). Physical training (PT) consisted of two 1.5 h daily sessions of swimming, 5(More)
A sustained increase in body mass, particularly fat mass, an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle trigger metabolic alterations such as metabolic syndrome, obesity, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (2DM). These metabolic conditions increase the cardiovascular disease risks and have become epidemic public health problems (Grundy 2002). Individuals who are(More)