Miriam Gargiulo

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To obtain data on the evolution of carotid lesions, we evaluated 133 patients at their first antiretroviral regimen, followed for at least 2 years; 77 treated with protease inhibitors (PIs): Group A and 56 with non-nucleosidic reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs): Group B. All patients were subjected to carotid ultrasonography. In Group A, among the(More)
Chronic kidney disease is a major comorbidity in patients affected by HIV infection. In addition, the introduction of new antiretroviral agents that interact with creatinine transporters is raising some concerns. In this review we analyze the currently available data about three new antiretroviral drugs and one new pharmacokinetic enhancer. Three of them(More)
The pathogenetic bases of HAART-associated lipodystrophy are still poorly known, even if it is clear that adipose tissue and its metabolism are sensitive to antiretroviral therapy alone and/or in combination with HIV infection. The NEDD8 system is essential for the regulation of protein degradation pathways involved in cell cycle progression, morphogenesis(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART therapy) for HIV-1 infection has significantly increased the survival and quality of life of patients with this disease. However, in several epidemiological studies the onset of metabolic syndrome is a phenomenon reported to be extremely frequent. In the present study, genes involved in the molecular cascade(More)
In the present study, we investigated the ability of anti-HIV drugs to interfere with normal cell cycle progression and to induce oxidative stress by perturbing the redox environment. Our results provide evidence that anti-HIV drugs have a differential effect on adipocyte cell cycle and differentiation, being able to modify the response to oxidative stress(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy reduced HIV-associated morbidity and mortality, at the cost of adverse metabolic effects that increase cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of exposure to protease inhibitors (PI) compared with exposure to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors(More)
BACKGROUND Various authors have hypothesized a role of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. To better understand the possible role of this infection in the pathogenesis of epi-aortic lesions in HIV-1-positive patients, the presence of anti-Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies was evaluated in a group of individuals subjected to(More)
INTRODUCTION Translation of the evidence regarding the protective role of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on HIV sexual transmission rates into sexual behaviour patterns of HIV-infected subjects remains largely unexplored. This study aims to describe frequency of self-reported condom use among women living with HIV in Italy and to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM HIV infection is a risk factor for re-activation of latent tubercolosis infection (LTBI). In recent years new blood tests for the detection of TB infection have been developed: Quantiferon TB Gold in Tube and TSPOT TB, which are interferon-γ releasing assays (IGRAs), have improved the identification of LTBI. In our study we have compared(More)