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Quadrupole ion traps are reviewed, emphasizing recent developments, especially the investigation of new geometries, guided by multiple particle simulations such as the ITSIM program. These geometries include linear ion traps (LITs) and the simplified rectilinear ion trap (RIT). Various methods of fabrication are described, including the use of rapid(More)
Four different canine mammary tumor (CMT) cell lines and a nonneoplastic primary culture of mammary cells were examined for their in vitro responsiveness to selenium supplementation. These cell lines were found to vary in their metabolic response to increasing concentrations of selenium. Sensitivity to selenium, as sodium selenite, increased with increasing(More)
The fabrication, operation, and characterization of a polymer-based rectilinear ion trap mass analyzer is discussed. A novel, fast prototyping technique, stereolithography (SLA)-based fabrication, traditionally reserved for end use production parts and to fabricate master molds for rubber products, is applied here as a tool to create precise, arbitrary(More)
A miniature, handheld mass spectrometer, based on the rectilinear ion trap mass analyzer, has been applied to air monitoring for traces of toxic compounds. The instrument is battery-operated, hand-portable, and rugged. We anticipate its use in public safety, industrial hygiene, and environmental monitoring. Gaseous samples of nine toxic industrial(More)
The design and operation of an annular array of parallel, miniature rectilinear ion traps (RITs) is discussed. Stereolithography apparatus (SLA), a previously validated method for ion trap fabrication, was applied here to construct an array of mass analyzers and their mounting hardware. Two versions of the array were tested, using either six or twelve(More)
A description of the design and microfabrication of arrays of micrometer-scale cylindrical ion traps is offered. Electrical characterization and initial ion trapping experiments with a massively parallel array of 5 microm internal radius (r(0)) sized cylindrical ion traps (CITs) are also described. The ion trap, materials, and design are presented and shown(More)
Rats fed a purified L-amino acid diet with 0.72, 1.50, 2.9 or 4.3% lysine excreted 117, 124, 237 and 628 micrograms/day orotic acid, respectively. Dietary arginine supplementation prevented the orotic aciduria induced by excess dietary lysine. Increased orotic acid excretion was accompanied by a significant depression in urinary urea in rats fed a diet(More)
A four-channel multiplexed mass spectrometer with rectilinear ion trap (RIT) mass analyzers was designed, constructed, and characterized. The system consists of four parallel atmospheric pressure ion (API) sources, four RIT mass analyzers, four sets of ion optical elements, and four conversion dynode detectors. The complete instrument is housed in a single(More)
Although orotic aciduria occurs in both male and female rats fed an arginine-deficient diet, only hepatocytes from male rats exhibited an enhanced rate of orotate biosynthesis to increasing ammonium compared to controls. Inhibition of incorporation [14C]NaHCO3 into urea by norvaline in the rat and mouse was accompanied by a 20 and 25% increase in orotate(More)
Four different canine mammary tumor (CMT) cell lines and a nonneo plastic primary culture of mammary cells were examined for their in vitro responsiveness to selenium supplementation. These cell lines were found to vary in their metabolic response to increasing concentrations of selenium. Sensitivity to selenium, as sodium selenite, increased with(More)
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