Miriam Ejarque

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The atonal-related Neurogenin/NeuroD family of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors comprises potent inducers of neuronal and endocrine differentiation programs in the nervous and digestive system. Atonal homolog 8 (Atoh8) displays high similarity in the bHLH domain with NeuroD proteins. Yet, available evidences indicate that Atoh8 has(More)
The bHLH factor Neurogenin3 initiates the differentiation program that leads to formation of pancreatic endocrine cells. Math6 is a closely related bHLH factor transiently activated downstream of Neurogenin3 in endocrine progenitors. Here we characterize the Math6 promoter and locate the Neurogenin3 binding site, thus confirming that Math6 is a genuine(More)
Spinal blockade of 5-HT7 receptors has been reported to inhibit the antinociceptive effect of opioids. In this study, we found that subcutaneous administration of the selective 5-HT7 receptor agonist E-55888 (10 mg/kg) or the antagonist SB-258719 (5 mg/kg) exerted no effect on the tail-flick test in mice. However, E-55888, but not SB-258719, increased(More)
The transcription factor Neurogenin3 functions as a master regulator of endocrine pancreas formation, and its deficiency leads to the development of diabetes in humans and mice. In the embryonic pancreas, Neurogenin3 is transiently expressed at high levels for a narrow time window to initiate endocrine differentiation in scattered progenitor cells. The(More)
UNLABELLED Adipose tissue is a major source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which possess a variety of properties that make them ideal candidates for regenerative and immunomodulatory therapies. Here, we compared the immunophenotypic profile of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) from lean and obese individuals, and explored its relationship with the(More)
OBJECTIVE Glycogen metabolism has emerged as a mediator in the control of energy homeostasis and studies in murine models reveal that adipose tissue might contain glycogen stores. Here we investigated the physio(patho)logical role of glycogen in human adipose tissue in the context of obesity and insulin resistance. METHODS We studied glucose metabolic(More)
Atonal Homolog 8 (Atoh8) is a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor that is highly conserved across species and expressed in multiple tissues during embryogenesis. In the developing pancreas, Atoh8 is expressed in endocrine progenitors but declines in hormone-positive cells, suggesting a role during early stages of the endocrine differentiation(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence from mouse models suggests that zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a novel anti-obesity adipokine. In humans, however, data are controversial and its physiological role in adipose tissue (AT) remains unknown. Here we explored the molecular mechanisms by which ZAG regulates carbohydrate metabolism in human adipocytes. METHODS ZAG action on(More)
Adipose tissue (AT) has a central role in obesity-related metabolic imbalance through the dysregulated production of cytokines and adipokines. In addition to its known risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, obesity is also a major risk for cancer. We investigated the impact of obesity for the expression of survivin, an antiapoptotic protein(More)
Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are proposed as an alternative stem cell source to bone marrow-derived cells for immune cell therapy. However, microenvironmental factors may impact the functionality of this population in human adipose tissue (AT). We hypothesized that the fat depot in addition to the donor phenotype controls the immunomodulatory(More)