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Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first episode of urinary tract infection (UTI) is apparently diagnosed much more frequently (25%-40%) in children than in neonates. The aims of the study were to determine the actual rate of VUR in neonates with UTI and to define the clinical clues to its diagnosis. The study sample included term infants with a diagnosis(More)
Seven patients aged 13 to 17.5 years developed acute renal failure after treatment with a variety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID): naproxen, diclofenac, ibuprofen, dipyrone and paracetamol. Six of the patients used more than one kind of NSAID. None of the patients had previous history of renal disease or concomitant treatment with other(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-complement factor H (CFH) antibodies is an extremely rare cause of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) in adults, with less than 10 cases reported thus far. Although infectious diarrhea is a common inciting trigger for aHUS episode, there are no reports of an association with inflammatory bowel disease. Eculizumab is an emerging(More)
Despite significant technical improvements, hemodialysis in infants with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The files of patients weighing less than 15 kg with ESRD who were treated with hemodialysis at our institute between 1995 and 2005 were reviewed for background and treatment characteristics,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the feasibility and effectiveness of intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) in children on hemodialysis. DESIGN Prospective experimental study with a single intervention group. SETTING A pediatric hemodialysis unit. SUBJECTS Four malnourished children on hemodialysis (3 girls and 1 boy) 4 to 18 years of age were studied during(More)
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) affects predominantly the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract and kidney. Although the pathogenesis is probably of immune origin and complement activation is thought to play a role, laboratory findings including the serum level of the complement components are usually normal. We present a patient with a severe form of HSP(More)
The objective of this manuscript was to describe the pathophysiology and the systemic and oral implications of chronic renal failure (CRF), end-stage renal failure (ESRF), and renal replacement therapy (RRT) in children and adolescents. Improvement in treatment modalities of CRF, ESRF, and RRT have resulted in an increase in survival, and better health in(More)
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is caused by an imbalance of von Willebrand factor and its cleaving protease, which leads to the formation of microthrombi in end-organs. It rarely occurs in the pediatric population. Plasma exchange can significantly reduce mortality and morbidity. We present a 14-month-old infant in whom clinical and laboratory(More)
Inherited metabolic disorders associated with nephrocalcinosis are rare conditions. The aim of this study was to identify the genetic cause of an Israeli-Arab boy from a consanguineous family with severe nephrocalcinosis and kidney insufficiency. Clinical and biochemical data of the proband and family members were obtained from both previous and recent(More)
Cardiovascular-related mortality is 100-fold higher in pediatric renal transplant recipients than in the age-matched general population. Seventy-seven post-renal transplant children's charts were reviewed for cardiovascular risk factors at two and six months after transplantation (short term) and at two yr after transplantation and the last follow-up visit(More)