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The spot-ELISA technique has been used to enumerate the frequency of cells secreting tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), isolated from biopsies of normal intestine and from biopsies of children with inflammatory bowel disease. TNF-alpha production was undetectable in six out of 12 biopsies from normal intestine and in(More)
Many interleukin-2 receptor (CD25) bearing cells can be identified by alkaline phosphatase immunohistochemistry in the diseased intestinal lamina propria of children with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, but rarely in normal intestine. In both diseases, the CD25+ cells are present as aggregates in the lamina propria below the epithelium, and(More)
B cells, distinct from those seen in myasthenia gravis, are present in normal human thymic medulla, concentrated around the Hassall's corpuscles. We have shown that they constitute 33 +/- 4.8% of the total cells in the thymic medulla. In tissue sections they were often seen to have rosettes of thymocytes around them, a relationship which was maintained when(More)
The distribution of cells expressing the integrins VLA-1 to 6 in human intestine was examined by alkaline phosphatase immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies specific for the individual alpha-chains of the VLA heterodimer. VLA-2,3, and 6 were expressed on all epithelial cells in the small and large bowel. VLA-1 was expressed on crypt cells in the(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen expression on cells is a prerequisite for immune interaction with activated T-cells. This study examined the ability of sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to modulate MHC expression on vascular endothelial cells. SLE sera were able to selectively upregulate MHC class I antigen expression(More)
Immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies to the T cell receptor V beta regions 5, 6, 8 and 12 was used to determine whether normal intestinal lymphocytes that are potentially exposed to many bacterially derived superantigens show any preferential expression of particular V beta regions compared with the blood. No difference between V beta expression(More)
Mucosal macrophages and accessory cells have been studied by immunohistochemistry in the lamina propria of the colon of children with Trichuris trichiura dysentery syndrome (TDS). No difference was found in the numbers of cells recognized by the monoclonal antibodies CD11c, CD68, or RFD7 between TDS children and local controls. However, large numbers of(More)
Discussion papers provide a means for researchers, students and professionals to share thoughts and findings on a wide range of topics relating to food, hunger, agriculture and nutrition. They contain preliminary material and are circulated prior to a formal peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. Some working papers will(More)
Immunohistochemical techniques were used to investigate the epithelial expression of VLA-1 in inflammatory bowel disease in six patients with Crohn's disease, in four patients with ulcerative colitis, and in one patient with indeterminate colitis, and compared with that in the small intestine and colons of 10 normal controls. In normal small bowel VLA-1 was(More)
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